1.? ?Reasons of Cultural shock Culture is a vague and complex concept that people should understand first so they can deal with cultural shock it includes : Tradition , Custom , Value , Smell , Sight , Sound , Behaviour and the way of thinking. These elements are different in every country , Therefore when people travel to a new country they should adapt to all the new values , practices and way of living of that country This is even more common with people who face a new culture that is different from their own because there high-context and low context cultures the differences between those are for example the United States and Britain is a low-context culture because they depend on vocal communication first and body nonverbal communication second they feel the need to explain their opinions in details by words while on the other side high-context cultures are the opposite of low-context cultures like Latin America, Asia , Middle East and Africa they all focus on the body nonverbal communication and ignore what is said. Most people encounter or experience culture shock when they are in a place that they do not belong or the cultural norms are different than what they are used to be in. For people who live outside their native country this differance or unfamiliarity they fail to understand the behaviour and ways of living so they enter a dilemma of asking questions like Why are the people behaving the way they do? How should i behave? When they fail to encounter any familiar signs and symbols of social interaction they force themselves to learn and adapt to the new culture they live in and this is a long and difficult process which causes isolation and the feeling of loneliness, Psychological confusion, and emotional discomfort which leads to a Cultural Shock. ?2. ?Negative impact of cultural shock When people experience unfamiliarity in a culture it forces them to change which causes stress and influences their own decisions in participating in cultural environments, the impact of cultural shock have a wide and complex set of symptoms that most people will experience. The major symptoms are depression , anxiety and the feeling of helplessness If those three are experienced by the individual it causes a psychological disorientation that can go deeper and deeper causing the individual to pay less and less attention in learning the new culture not only that but it also affects and influences the ability to solve problems and take decisions, that they may make the wrong decision out of stress and disorientation which leads in less motivation to learn the new culture ,Therefore it appears that dealing with stress caused by culture shock such as depression, anxiety and feelings of helplessness is important for those people who encounter a new culture. 3. ?Understanding the four stages of cultural shock The four stages should be understood by anyone who is gonna experience culture shock so they can predict what’s gonna happened and reduce the amount of stress they may encounter from new cultural environments. The initial stage is like the term “Honeymoon” because whenever people enter new cultures they are always pleased from all the new things they are encountering but after a couple of weeks they start to experience inappropriate behavior from people , negative experiences , escalated problems which causes stress , anxiety , increasing depression , tension , and confusion. After that , they start to adjust to the culture around them and their ability to adjust to new cultural patterns have increased majorly , After one year and a half is the last stage which is called the mastery stage it is when an individual can solve and manage problems in new cultures without any stress or anxiety and all symptoms of culture shock disappears.