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Atfirst, Acadia National Park was only a monument. In 1913, President
Woodrow Wilson named 6,000 acres Sieur de Monts National Monument.
Soon, many citizens donated time and money to the park. In 1919 President
Wilson signed an act changing the monument to a national park. The main
reason that Acadia National Park was established was to protect the areas
scenic values, the rocky coast, it's islands, and the plants and wildlife.
This park is unusual because it wasn't made on public lands, or
bought with public funding. It was made because of the money the private
citizens donated. John D Rockefeller Jr. alone built the carriage roads and
bought the park more than 11,000 acres, which is about one third of the
Acadia National Park has 35,000 acres of rocky seacoast, islands,
forests, mountains, and lakes. Everything is open to the public to enjoy.
there are over 120 miles of hiking trails. The trails range from short, sea
level walks, to the extremely steep precipice trail. The trails are all
connected together, so the hikers can visita few mountain's peaks in one
trip. 57 miles of roads are open to bicyclists, horseback riders, and
carriages. There are also 27 miles set aside for a scenic drive through
Acadia has a huge history. The name Acadia was French before it
turned into English and then American. Itsfirst name was Mount Desert
Island, named by the French explored, Champlain. Champlain had thefirst
boating mishap on the rocky shoreline. He was sailing his boat near the
shore when his got stuck on the rocks. Until the Civil War, This shoreline's
ledges and fog were hazards to sailors. Fours automatic lighthouses now
run in the area of Egg Rock, Bass Harbor Head, Baker Island, and Great

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