The American Revolutionary War was a conflict between the 13 British colonies and Great Britain that lasted from 1775-1783. The revolution had many causes. Long-term political, economic and social changes in the colonies prior to 1750 contributed to the United States forming an independent nation with its own political institutions.The French and Indian War (1754-1763) also changed the relationship between the colonies and Britain. The Stamp Act crisis in1765 and subsequent conflicts led to the outbreak of war in 1775. In 1776, the colonists made the Declaration of Independence to sever their ties to Britain.
Although America had not yet decided to vote for independence until July 2nd, 1776, the American Revolution began at Lexington and Concord on the night of April 18, 1775. No one intended to fight that night but a shot was fired in the midst of confusion and 8 Americans lay dead once the redcoats responded. It was the shot heard around the world.Even though it was a shot not planned, word of the incident spread rapidly. A peaceful compromise was not possible since too much blood had already been spilled. In December 1775 Parliament passed the Prohibitory Act, which outlawed trade with rebellious colonies and set up a naval blockade causing a war on the American Commerce.
Following the Prohibitory act, Thomas Paine pushed the colonists toward independence from Britain. Paine produced an essay Common Sense where he asked the question whether "a continent should continue to be ruled by an island". Common sense systematically stripped kingship of historical and theological justification.
As a series of military skirmishes fostered the growth of American patriotism, the continental congress took the final steps. On July 2nd, 1776 Congress voted for independence and on July 4th Congress ordered publication on the Declaration of Independence, which declared the colonies free and independent from Britain, as the Unite…

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