Background of the study

Factors Affecting Senior High School Student’s Career Preference

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Education is the passport to the future. As we get older, knowledge is being constructed
but it can never be replaced by anyone. The literacy of a person is one of the important things that
anyone can possess. We are sent to school for us to gain more learnings and shape our ability and
skills. A student is subjected to finish his/her studies, especially with flying colors. There are plenty
of reasons why a student must finish his/her studies for there are so many places to go, food to eat
and people to help. However, everybody has different perspectives on what a person could be in
the future someday. Choosing the right career is one of the important things that a student must
decide and serve as his path in taking his step towards his career. This could be equipped to
determine the success of his life in the next stages. Through choosing a career anybody his desired
job and portray his excellence in his skills that suits his capability. On the other hand, the
Philippines is in miscellaneous crisis and one of the social issues is poverty and its people are
confronted and aware of it thus it need passionate and determined workers in the industry.

In January 2013, the Philippines has 7.1% unemployment rate, the highest in the countries
from the Southeast Asian nations and from which are college graduates. (Pascual, 2014) Majority
of the universities wasn’t being able to produce courses that are needed to be considered in the
demand of the present economy. Since the graduates don’t possess the characteristics required by
the industry due to the lack of a proper guidance that must be attained to choose the right courses
in college that suites the student’s ability. Misfit graduates are one of the reasons why our country
has high unemployment rate. This could be the wrong choice of course taken by the college
students tend to improper guidance in choosing the right course.

The Government used to find ways to lessen this problem in our society; to implement a
K-12 program of the educational system, specifically in the Department of Education need to gain
the accretion of graduates before they reach the college level. Senior High School is two years of
specialized upper secondary education (Official Gaze, 2012) SHS is a preparation for a college
level to explore and plan for their postsecondary career options whereas there are some factors that
can affect and change the views of your perception in setting goals. Students may choose their
specialization based on their skills and intellect capacity this would help the students to ensure and
get into the right career served as a stepping stone to decide on their chosen career. Moreover, this
is one of the objectives of the Department of Education to promote the students educational success
and qualify the adequacy skills that are needed to the workforce of companies and institutions.

This study aims to determine the factors that affect the career preferences of the select students in
Valencia National High School.

Statement of the problem

This study is to find out the factors affecting on the Senior High School Student’s in
choosing the right courses for their preparation in college, this certain general questions need to be

1. What factors influenced students when they made the decision to pursue a particular career goal?
2. Is the K-12 curriculum would help the students to make decision for preparing college course?
Theoretical Framework
2.1 G-12 Decision makings

There are a lot of courses that we may choose in choosing our career. For the Grade 12 students,
there are some instances that they may pick not for their own likes but they choose it because of
their friends, factors influence decision making. These factors, including past experience
(Juliusson, Karlsson, & G??rling, 2005) belief in personal relevance (Acevedo, &

Krueger, 2004), and an escalation of commitment, influence what choices people make.
Understanding the factors that influence decision making process is important to understanding
what decisions are made. That is, the factors that influence the process may impact the outcomes.

2.2 Career choice factors

There are a lot of affecting factors in choosing preferred careers. The Government used to
find ways to lessen problems in our society; to implement a K-12 program of the educational
system, specifically in the Department of Education. The need to gain the accretion of graduates
before they reach the college level. Senior High School is two years of specialized upper secondary

education (Official Gaze, 2012). Luck plays a major part: unpredictable social factors, chance
events and environmental factors are important influences on graduate’s lives.

Conceptual Framework

There are some various factors that is either it could be directly or indirectly affects the career
preferences of Senior High School students. The focus of this study was taken by the following
conceptual frameworks which has this three part process: the Inputs, Process, and Outputs.

Input – This includes the socio-demographic profiles of the select students, their wanted field of
study to specialized, and their career preference and factors that affects their career preferences.

Process – In research process, this includes in determining their career preferences and determining
the leading factors that affect their career preferences. We may conduct a survey for the select
Grade 12 students.

Output – This study would identify the career preference of the select Grade 12 Senior High School
(SHS) students of Valencia National High School (VNHS) for certain institutions or universities
that would like to design and implement Senior High school program.

Scope and Delimitations

This study is conducted in order to determine the Senior High School students preferred career
choice. The study will include the K-12 program in Valencia National High School, specifically
the grade 12 students. It focuses on the preferred career choice of a student. The results of this
study serve as basis in most preferred career choice in the coming of years.

Limitations of the Study

Although the study conducted has proven its purpose, there were few unavoidable
limitations encountered. First, due to the limited time, because the study was conducted during
class days and the given respondents classes are still on going. Second, this research was conducted
on a small size population of G-12 senior high school students. Third, respondents might be stacked
with task and requirement so the study might get delayed or even fail. In general, this study will
only involve the students who are in G-12 that will graduate this year.

Significance of the study

This prompted the research to determine the factors that affects the choice of career of
Senior High School in the Valencia National High School. Proper guidance should be consider to
help ensure in able to get into the right career. This may also help the students identify the reasons
why the government implemented the K-12 program in the educational system. The results of the
study served as the basis in the construction of a career program for Senior High School students.

Definitions of terms

To give your thoughts and minds clarity the terms are described theoretically inside this

Career choice – The opportunities that exist for life long vocations. These vocations are set
out moving towards the desired goals. Fields of vocational, academic, and sociological endeavors
are explored for the purpose of satisfying personal, economic, and intellectual goals.

Opportunity – Those choices in one’s life which are exposed either in obvious manner.

These choices or paths give the individual a selection between two or more outcomes.
Literacy- refer to the ability to write and read, knowledge that relates to a specified subject.

Motivation – Forces acting on or within a person causing an initiation of behavior
(Britannica 2002).

Accretion- refer to something that has grown or accumulated slowly, a product or result of
gradual growth. 

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