China's population policy, more commonly referred to as the One Child Policy, is still one of the most controversial topics in the world, and the only one of its kind in history.It has been praised as well as criticized by many, and the world is yet to see what results it will have in the long run.This essay will present the policy in its simple form, as well as discuss the sociological impact that China's One Child Policy has had, and continues to have on the country's population.
In order to understand the possibility of implementing a policy that restricts the right to have children, one needs to understand at least briefly the history of the Chinese society.China, for over three thousand years, was under the rule of an emperor, and therefore did not experience any type of personal freedom, not to mention the understanding of basic rights, such as the one to have children.After the feudal system has been overthrown in China, came the communist party, which also believed in the greater good of the community and not that of the individual.Therefore again, as one can see, personal freedom was not an issue that ever arose in the greater majority of Chinese people lives.Even in the 1960s and the 1970s, when all around the world awareness was being created in fields of freedom of speech, etc, China was extremely isolated, and had no, or very little foreign influence.Again, the people of China were oppressed by the communist party, had great economic problems, and lacked basic necessities of life, primarily food.It is no wonder that when the communist party began to educate people about their new plan to stop overpopulation and provide more for the already existing human beings, the Chinese people had little opposition.
Thefirst campaign to slow the rate of population growth was in 1971.Birth control was brought to China in 1954 by Mao Zedong, but not to reduce population.It was not until 1979 that …

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