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COMMITTEE: Security CouncilTOPIC: Preventing Terrorism and Extremism in the Horn of Africa COUNTRY: UgandaPablo RuizPeterson School Terrorism and extremism in the Horn of Africa is a major global concern. The horn of Africa has been the most conflicted African region over the past half decade. The United Nations estimates that more than 10,000 people were killed in 2016 by terrorist attacks in the Horn of Africa. Other than deaths and physical destruction, terrorist attacks cause psychological, social, political and economic damage upon the societies they target. Terrorism and extremism create security fears, population displacements, religious conflicts and individual rights and freedom are affected. Terrorism and extremism can be caused by, political causes (the seeking of political dominance), religious beliefs (attacks are done in the name of religion) or by socio-economic instability (poverty, lack of education). All of this causes society more vulnerable to terrorist recruitment. While the world lays its attention on terrorist attacks on Europe and America, in Africa, attacks are more common, and no one seems to care about it. It is important that the United Nations considers this issue. The government of Uganda is concerned about this issue. The government of Uganda did significant counterterrorism efforts in the Horn of Africa in 2016. Uganda helps countries in the horn by sending military troops.Uganda is the largest contributor of troops in Somalia in order to neutralize terrorist groups like Al-Shabaab. Uganda is a helping partner in the terrorism in the Horn of Africa due to its geographical location, ethnic composition, knowledge of the region and the experience dealing its own similar terrorist groups, like the LRA and the ADF. All these factors have made it easier for Uganda to help, but Uganda also needs help. Uganda is currently hosting more than a million refugees from South Sudan. Too many refugees cause instability in the Ugandan economy (higher unemployment rates and major investments in security and border control), Uganda’s refugee appeal is chronically underfunded, plus Uganda is still dealing with its own armed conflicts. Few organizations have helped Uganda with this problem. For example, the IRC, the UNHCR, and the RHI are helping Uganda recover from effects of war and with its millions of desperate refugees, by providing services to assure their safety, health and financial independence. The developing country is in need of urgent and massive support from donors and organizations to manage Uganda instability. The government of Uganda proposes the following to solve terrorism and extremism in the Horn of Africa. First, the governments need to ensure there is political freedom, they need to guarantee legal and official channels, by which the population can express their political thoughts. Also, assure countries involved with regards to this issue respect the religions of their citizens. As long as their religions respect the law and individual rights. These countries must execute legal consequences, and laws about terrorism and extremism need to be enforced. Finally, governments need to work towards the development of education in countries where terrorism and extremism are active. Education is a primary solution for terrorism and extremism. Governments involved in this issue should educate their people. People need to understand differences in culture, religion and in human behaviors. If people are educated this world will have more open-minded people, that will understand that freedom, peace, and rights go before violence. Terrorism and extremism should be at the top agenda of governments and ministries related to this problem. It is important that the countries involved and the U.N consider the problem of terrorism and extremism in the Horn of Africa in order to recommend strategies to eliminate all types of causes and to minimize the actual damage suffered.

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