Compare and Contrast Realist Literature with Romantic Fiction
Realist literature is an approach to writing that attempts to describe life without idealization or romantic subjectivity. Although realism is not limited to any one century or group of writers, it is most often associated with the literary movement in 19th-century France, specifically with the French novelists Flaubert and Balzac."Realism is chiefly concerned with the commonplaces of everyday life among the middle and lower classes, where character is a product of social factors and environment is the integral element in the dramatic complications." (http://www.encyclopedia.com)
"Realist literature is defined particularly as the fiction produced in Europe and the United States from about 1840 until the 1890s, when realism was superseded by naturalism."In general, the realist works illustrate that writers must not select facts in accord with preconceived aesthetic or ethical ideals but must set down their observations impartially and objectively.They were mainly concerned with the faithful representation of life and they accomplished this by downplaying plot in favor of character and by concentrating on middle-class life and preoccupations, thus avoiding larger, more dramatic issues.(www.encarta.msn.com)
Those who wrote within the tradition of realism looked outward to find inspiration in the everyday events of real life instead of describing an imaginary world of their own creation.This replaced the more self-centered vision of romanticism.The increasing social problems produced by industrial and urban development produced not only a lament for the spirit of the times but also a passionate desire for the ability to change them as well.(Cunningham, p. 451-452)
Gustave Flaubert, in his novel, Madame Bovary, demonstrates his contempt for bourgeois society through his main character, Emma Bovary.She seeks after romantic love that …

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