When he first sees the monster, in chapter four he says, “Horror and disgust filled my heart” and “how can I describe my emotions at this catastrophe. ” He describes the monster as a ‘catastrophe’ after only looking at it, and therefore bases his opinions on this. In chapter 2 (volume 2) he also presumes him to be the monster that murdered his brother, William, without any evidence. This is also based on the views he has deducted from the creatures appearance. He says “I had hitherto supposed him to be the murderer of my brother, and I eagerly sought a confirmation of this.
” At this point he puts his prejudices aside in order to find the truth and not to rely on the conclusions he has drawn from the opinions which are based purely on his appearance. However, he still refers to the monster as “odious”, therefore showing he still brands him according to his looks. The monster is also prejudiced against by the De Lacy family. He fears approaching them at first, as he knows that they will react in a negative manner when they see him. He decides to approach the old man, who is blind in order to avoid this prejudice.
However, when he does approach him, he is discovered by the family. They then react in the way that he first feared, and they throw him out of the house. This display of discrimination is the thing which Shelly appears to dislike, and therefore, its inclusion in the novel shows how she wants to make a comment on society. The issue of prejudice which Shelley talks about in her novel is still a key issue today. Shelly may have been like Frankenstein in this respect, due to her involvement in the Romantic Movement. In today’s society, discrimination like this is seen as a form evil.
The way Shelly approaches this issue is why the novel remains popular, as many can relate to the suffering the monster endures. By doing this, we can see how she uses the book to make a comment on society. This also links in with the main theme of justice. The word justice means fairness and equality. A connotation of this word is the phrase “innocent until proven guilty”. In the novel, Shelley approaches justice mainly in chapter seven, during the trial of Justine. This relates to chapter four when we consider if Frankenstein’s creation of a human and his rejection of it is just.
In chapter seven, Justine is condemned for the murder of Frankenstein’s brother. She is eventually convicted of the murder, after being forced into admitting to it by a priest. She says “I confessed a lie… that I might obtain absolution… my confessor besieged me… until I almost began to think that I was the monster he said I was. ” This tells us of the injustice, as she is forced to admit to the crime. She was need deemed innocent until proven guilty, and so was discriminated against. The way she was treated relates to the way Frankenstein treated the monster.
This is a way Shelly creates sympathy for the monster, as we can empathise with his. The monster says that humans “spurn and hate [him]” and Justine says “do you join my enemies to crush me? ” Both these quotations show injustice, as neither character have done anything wrong, yet they are being condemned, hated and judged. We can sympathise with the monster, as there seems to be no justice in the way that he is being treated, and Justine’s trial reiterates this point. The way Justine is made to feel like a ‘monster’. The monster blames the killings on the way he has been treated by humans.
We can see this when he says “I will keep no terms with my enemies. ” This tells us that if humans must make him an enemy, then he shall do the same and punish them, or to “keeps no terms” with them. By saying “terms”, he is referring to justice, and how he feels he has none, and therefore how he owes them none. The novel is a very good way of showing the points which I have just discussed. They obviously reflect Mary Shelley’s opinions and the way she sees the world. The way the novel uses these issues made it popular in 1818, and still popular today.
Prejudice is a main issue in modern day society, with racism, sexism and ageism still problems in certain countries throughout the world. People who suffer at the hand of discrimination, may enjoy the book, as they can relate to the monster. This may be the reason of its success. In the novel, you are led to sympathise with the monster, when he tells his story. His story is a contrast to Frankenstein’s words, and we see a side to him that is not as miserable and horrible as Frankenstein thinks, and leads us to agree with.
I feel great sympathy towards the monster, and ho he is made to feels that revenge is the only thing he can do. The actual genre of the novel, not only relates to the murders, but also to how the injustice and prejudice makes the creature feel. Mary Shelly used the novel to express her opinions. Her upbringing as a Romantic may have affected how Frankenstein believes the only beautiful things can be great. Romanticism is also linked to how nature inspired powerful feelings in people, and so this may also reflect on the way the characters feel in the novel.
Although, she may have thought prejudice was wrong and so wrote about that in the novel. I think that Shelley wanted her novel to influence others, make others reject prejudice and bias and the neglect of a child. The novel does this well, and is still as influential today as Shelly had hoped. Louise Tarsky, GSCE Prose Coursework. 1 Show preview only The above preview is unformatted text This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Mary Shelley section. Download this essay Print Save Not the one? Search for