The book was written in the late 19th century and Shelley has incorporated many ideas of the time into her novel. The exploration and fascination of electricity plays a major role throughout the novel at a time when people were experimenting with its uses. One particular experiment regarding electricity was that of galvanism. Galvanism was the use of electricity to give dead animals the illusion of life. This idea has been expanded upon in the novel to bring the dead to life. Jean Jaques Rousseau was a famous French philosopher of the time.

He believed that all people were born good and that it was their exposure to their society which would dictate there outcome, to remain good or to become bad. This philosophy has a clear influence on Shelley’s writing. At the time healthcare was poor. Deaths were frequent and many women died in childbirth, as did Shelley’s mother, she caught a disease after giving birth. The death of her mother deeply affected Shelley and it is the difficulties of parent/child relationships that the novel tries to unearth.

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From looking at Shelley’s life and her background it is easy to see how things have influenced her writing and also been incorporated into her novel. It is as though she uses her book to express herself and her feelings. Episodes from her life can often be found weaved into the story. The genre of the novel is very important in being used to create atmosphere. The novel has a clear gothic genre. The darkness and lightning are used frequently to create mood. Other genres can also be found within the novel. The monsters segregation and torment makes gives a very dark feel to the story.

The novel has a clear structure which is used to allow the reader to see the story from two different perspectives. The vast majority of the story is told as entries into Walton’s journal, it is not until the closing pages that the monsters story emerges. Until this happens the story is biased in favour of Frankenstein, but the story of the monster balances the bias and allows the reader to make up their own mind. It also allows the reader to see what happened and to fully understand the monster. The reader goes through the same thoughts as Walton.

When Walton first meets the monster he has only heard from Frankenstein and is therefore prejudice toward Frankenstein but then becomes more balanced as the monster explains himself as does the reader. The structure allows the reader to decide who is in the wrong or right rather than the opinion being forced upon them. The closing pages of the novel see Frankenstein and the monster finally come face to face again. Both characters are wishing revenge upon one another. Frankenstein wants to avenge the murders of his family and friends whilst the monster wants Frankenstein to suffer as he has.

Frankenstein has been chasing the monster for several years and finally is lead into the Arctic. This is when Frankenstein collapses and is taken aboard Walton’s ship, his health is deteriorating rapidly. He knows he will not survive long and asks as his last wish for Walton to kill the monster. After Frankenstein passes away Walton meets the monster who explains to him his side of the story. Walton changes his opinion of the monster. The monster then leaves and commits suicide by burning himself, leaving no trace of his body in the knowledge that no-one will have to live through what he has.

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Another quote which supports this is from Walton, “ill fated and admiral friend”. Walton describing him as admiral shows that Walton believes that Frankenstein is doing the right and is brave. However there are two ways in which you could look at the story. The reader may not feel sorry for Frankenstein. The first point in this opinion is Frankenstein’s greed. He was so driven to be the first to bring the dead to life that he did not think about the possible consequences of doing so. Once he had created the monster he relinquished all responsibility of the monster.

Not only did he run away from the monster but he also failed to inform his relatives and friends of what he had done, this landed them in danger. In the extract the main reasons why the reader may not fell sympathy for Frankenstein is because he still doesn’t accept responsibility for the monster, he still does not blame himself for what he has done. This leads the reader to believe that Frankenstein is very narrow-minded. He also still wants the monster dead. Although he may believe that it is justified the reader may take a different view on this.

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The monster did not choose to be alive, he did not want have to do what he did, he also hasn’t had the chance to speak to Frankenstein. This makes the audience think that Frankenstein hasn’t thought things out clearly and has allowed his hatred of the monster to disrupt his level-headedness. There are a few quotes which support this opinion in the final extract. “I am weak, but surely the spirits who assist my vengeance will endow me with sufficient strength” This quote shows how obsessed he has become to kill the monster. He believes that he is being helped by spirits, this shows that he is not thinking straight.

His belief that he can kill the monster in his physical state supports this. Another quote from this extract shows how he did not care about the monster, “bound to him, to assure, as far was in my power, his happiness and well-being. This was my duty; but there was another still paramount to that. My duties towards the beings of my own species had greater claims to my attention. ” This quote shows that he did not regard the monster as important to him as his friends. He still is adamant that he was not in the wrong. He blames it on that he had more important things in his life.

The way segregates the monster from his friends by calling his friends “my own species” shows exactly what the monster wet through. He was not recognised as the same. Frankenstein’s use of this phrase shows the reader that he still doesn’t offer the monster any sympathy. How do you think Shelley feels about him? During the novel there are a number of times where Shelley tries to create a mixture of sympathy and incomprehension between the monster and the reader. The main reason for the reader not feeling sympathy for the monster is when he commits the murders of William, Elizabeth and Clerval.

It is not just the murder but it is the way in which these murders are brutally carried out. Apart from the murders the monster also frames Justine for Williams’s death. This shows the monster’s murders are not just a case of red mist but carefully thought out and precise. In the final extract there are two main reasons as to why the monster may have no sympathy from the reader. The first reason is the fact that he wants his creator to die and that he has been engulfed by revenge much like his inventor. Find some quotes+write about them. There is also another side to this however. During the story sympathy for the monster is created.

When first created he was immediately abandoned by Frankenstein. He was neglected by the only person who he had a relation to, the only person who could have been there for him. He also faced prejudice on a regular occurrence because of the way he looked. As this was not the monsters fault the reader automatically feels sorry for him. It is also because behind his hideousness he had been able to see the wonders of the world and became enthralled with life and couldn’t understand why people hated him. Throughout the story the monster becomes lonely as he has no-one and we find out that all he wanted was a companion to share his thoughts with.

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