“Financial Incentives to Increase Canadian Organ Donation: Quick Fix or
Fallacy?”Thesis/Compelling Statement: Most Canadians support organ donation, and show potential to increase organ donation based on six ideas to improve the system.


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Gill, John S, et al. “Financial Incentives to Increase Canadian Organ Donation: Quick Fix or Fallacy?”

               American Journal of Kidney Disease, 2014: Volume 63, Issue 1, pg.133-140

There is a chance for Canada to increase organ donation, which would benefit all.  Canada does not have, and has not tried a systematic attempt to increase the deceased donor system.  There are six suggested strategies to increase organ donation in Canada which include, “establishing a national transparent and accountable organ donation system, establishing an appropriate remuneration framework to support and integrate organ donation into the health care system, increase opportunities to consent for organ donation, provide incentives for individuals to register their wishes regarding donation, consider compensation for pain and suffering related to live donation, and provide incentives to encourage participation in living donor paired exchange.”  Canadians for the most part are supportive of organ donation, and show potential to increase deceased organ donation.  This source is useful because it gave me insight into ideas that are planning to be implemented in order to improve the current organ donation system.





“Organ donations and transplants up in Canada, along with need”

Thesis/Compelling Statement: Being on a waiting list can be hard enough, but when your life is at stake, and is being negatively impacted it can be agonizing.  Although religion and beliefs is a barrier for some people when it comes to donation, those who do not have this barrier and still don’t sign up need to understand the importance of becoming a donor.


Carcasole, Mark. “Organ donation and transplants up in Canada, along with need” Global News, 2016

Although the number of donations and transplants have increased in Canada, the wait list has also increased in size.  An example of this is Fadia Jerome-Smith who was put on a wait list for a new kidney is 2012.  She required a transplant to survive, and luckily her sister donated an organ to a patient in Alberta which would mean Fadia would in turn receive one.  After receiving her transplant in March 2016, she was able to quickly get back on her feet after being in unbearable pain in her back because of her condition.  Dr. Les Lilly, who is the director of Toronto General Hospital’s Gastrointestinal Transplant Program shares that one reason that the need for donors has increased is because the aging population is in need of more transplants.  However the increase of donors has not been able to satisfy the number of transplant needed.  Dr. Lilly also believes that it is going to take a long time to get the organ donation/transplantation system back on track.  Although the number of donors with usable organs will always be too low, in future years the number of transplants will reduce if people continue living healthy.  This source is useful because it gives a first person account of the agonizing wait on the transplant list, and how something which is taken for granted can save a person’s life, and allow them to be back on their feet in as little as a few weeks.



“Apple to promote organ donation via new iPhone Health app”

Thesis/Compelling Statement: Every year, Apple sells millions of iPhones to consumers worldwide, which means that their initiative will reach a huge population of people.  The process is easy, and does not take up much time.  However, it could change a life.


Bailey, Brandon “Apple to promote organ donation via new iPhone Health app” Global News, 2016 Apple has built a software which comes installed with every new phone that allows an iPhone user to register as an organ donor with a sign-up button.  The CEO of Apple, Tim Cook is hoping that with the new software which was set to release in August of 2016 based on the article will help with the worldwide overall lack of organ donors.  Mr. Cook mentioned that he was passionate about this close to home problem, as Apple co-founder Steve Jobs had an “excruciating” wait in 2009 for a liver transplant.  As Mr. Cook said, “watching and seeing him every day, waiting and not knowing- it stuck with me and left an impression that I’ll never forget.”  Seeing Mr. Jobs in this state led Mr. Cook to offer part of his liver, though Mr. Jobs denied.  The hope of this program is that the new sign-up method will increase the number of donors, especially in young adults who already use their mobile phone frequently.  In the United States, it was estimated that in 2016 an average of 22 people died per day because they did not receive a necessary transplant.  This article is interesting because Apple is in huge demand which means that they are able to reach millions of people with this initiative.  This would take only a few minutes, but they could change someone’s life.




Canada’s organ donor rate lags behind other countries. How do you fix it?

Thesis/Compelling Statement: Every year, thousands of Canadians are stuck waiting on the transplant list, for something they probably won’t receive for months.  People recognize this to be a problem, and are thinking of new ideas to help change this statistic.


Paperny, M Anna “Canada’s organ donor rate lags behind other countries. How do you fix it?” Global News, 2015

There is no shortage of usable organs in Canada.  However, there is a shortage of people signed up to be organ donors.  Although new methods of transplantation are being created for surgeons, a solution for the length of the waiting list has yet to be discovered.  When this article was written, only approximately 1% of Canadians who did in a hospital donated an organ.  This article suggests that the way to increase the number of deceased organ donors is not to convince people to register as donors, but to ask the families of those who are already deceased.  However, this idea depends on “the system, and who is doing the asking, and how it’s being done, and whether they find cases where organ donation potentially exists”.  In 2013, surgeons did 2,367 organ transplants, with approximately a little less than half coming from deceased donors who are able to provide far more organs than a living one.  Although hospitals usually respect the wishes of a deceased persons organ donation wishes, they ultimately allow the next of kin to decide the fate of the organs.  This article was interesting because it provided a new outlook on the problem, by introducing a new solution.  In my opinion however, this idea should only be used if a person has not signed up to be an organ donor, and if they have discussed the topic with family and/or close friends.  Only then do I believe this would be appropriate and necessary.




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