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For thousands of years, The Voynich Manuscript has confused people around the world. With its strange language, colorful illustrations and shadowed history, the Voynich Manuscript is one of the greatest and oldest mysteries of the world. Virtually nothing is known about the Manuscript’s author or illustrator; but using modern technology and knowledge of the past, is it possible to explore who wrote this codex of mysteries? There have been many theories as to who may have wrote it, from Roger Bacon to Wilfrid Voynich, of who the manuscript was named after. One of the most evidence-backed author is Gaspar De Torres. Gaspar was wealthy and well connected, becoming a ‘Master of Students’ at Colegio de Santa Cruz in Tlatelolco and teaching writing and reading at Imperial College. Now, years later, we have learned much about him and his relation to the Voynich Manuscript. Through years of research and tests, evidence suggests that Gaspar did indeed write the Voynich Manuscript, which is backed by evidence and years of research around the mysterious codex. But, to look further into the writing of the Voynich Manuscript, we must first look at Gaspar’s history and connection to the manuscript. Gaspar De Torres was born in 1510 in Santo Domingo. His family was extremely well connected and wealthy; His father, Melchior, owned 1,000 slaves who worked on his multiple sugar plantations. Because his family was so wealthy, Gaspar attended La Pontificia Universidad de Mexico, the first university of Mexico. He was awarded a doctorate degree in medicine in 1553 and went on to get a degree in Licentiate in 1569. These degrees would qualify Gaspar to write the Voynich Manuscript, as it consists of passages that talk about medicinal and herbal subjects. He became a ‘master of students’ at his old university and taught reading and writing. There are records of his working there in 1568, right around the time the Voynich Manuscript might have been written. The university he worked at had the only scriptorium in New Spain, which would have provided him with ink, pigments, parchment, and vellum not available anywhere else. Many of the plant’s names come from Spanish and Nahuatl origins, and others were derived from Taino. Along with that, there are many Latin abbreviations throughout the book. Gaspar was fluent in all of these languages, which is shown throughout his biography. To protect his work, Gaspar could have created a mix of languages from those that he had known, resulting in the manuscripts indecipherable texts. In 1580, Gaspar was appointed Governor pro tempore- and fled eight months later, disappearing for no reason. But why would he do that? Of course, if he had something to hide from the inquisition, say the Voynich Manuscript, then he would have reason to flee from the Inquisition, which might explain why he ran away. As Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca states in an article, “The contents of the Voynich Codex would have been particularly offensive to the Inquisitor of the Spanish Inquisition, in view of the presence of the kabbalah imagery and the fact that the text was written in a symbolic cypher. Not only would it have been burned if found, but the owner would have been punished appropriately” (Janick, 349). To save his work, and himself, he fled the Inquisition and passed the book along to another owner, who then sold it to Rudolf II. Many years later, after testing had been done on Folio 1v, a section of the Voynich, it was revealed that his initials can be seen inscribed one of the pages. This would show that he had, at some point, owned it. Along with the theory that Gaspar owned it, many other authors have been called the ‘author’ of the Voynich Manuscript, most importantly Roger Bacon. Bacon was born in 1220 in England, who was very educated and whose family was extremely wealthy. But, as a Friar, Bacon was religious, which goes strikingly against the religiously neutral Voynich Manuscript. It’s content goes against possibly everything he believes in as a religious expert. More importantly, Bacon died in 1292, and the manuscript has been dated to the 14-1500’s, light years after he died. And, as he likely never traveled, he would have no knowledge of Colonial New Spain, where they theorize the manuscript originated from. Along with this, many other possible authors keep getting refuted as we learn more about it. Because we know around the time it was created and where it originated, we can then cross out people like John Dee, who held the manuscript for some time in the 1600’s and lived in England. Gaspar De Torres is among those in the list of possible authors, and matches up with almost everything relating to the Voynich Manuscript, unlike Bacon or Dee. The Voynich Manuscript is largely unknown and undiscovered; but with new research, it is possible to find out who wrote it and why. Because it is so unknown, speculation about the author ranges and is vast in its entirety. But, Gaspar De Torres is the most probable author. As we learn more about this mysterious codex, more and more theories will keep getting crossed out and disputed, until only Gaspar De Torres remains.  Through years of research and tests, evidence suggests that Gaspar did indeed write the Voynich Manuscript, which is backed by evidence and years of research around the mysterious codex.

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