Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world with
over 900 million Hindus worldwide, Hinduism has no original founder and
originates back to over 4,000 years ago, being the oldest religion in the
world. Hinduism is known for their Gods/Goddesses that are worshipped, there is
one God but also millions of Gods that Hindus follow, and this is a difficult
concept to understand. Hinduism is known as a Polytheistic religion as
Polytheism is ‘the belief in many Gods’  and Monotheism is the ‘belief
in the existence of one God, or in the oneness of God’ In many
aspects, Hinduism can be a monotheistic religion, as the Vedas speaks only of
one God but with many different names, and the different names of the deities have
their own personal qualities that distinguish them as a singular deity, but
they are all just one God. However, Hinduism is mainly known as a polytheistic religion
because there are many references to millions of Gods/Goddesses within the
religion, ‘There are many different Gods as there are aspects of creation’  Hindus worship different type of deities which makes them all separate
from each other as the deities can be classed as different beings. The complexity
of Hindu polytheism is due to the number of attempts at explaining the
universal laws and the nature laws from which the universe may have risen from  Because of the attempts of Hindus trying to explain the law of
the universe, many deities have been recovered and created, just to try and get
answers to why the world exists.

 Within this essay,
there will be discussion on why certain Gods/Goddesses are worshipped highly
than others within Hinduism, as there are three main Gods/Goddesses that are the
most known and most worshipped in everyday life of Hindus, and this question is
what will be answered throughout the essay. In the three sections of this
essay, there will be an analysis of the history of Hindu God/Goddesses and
their mythology, discussing how the deities of Hinduism became to be worshipped,
in the second section there will a discussion about the four main deities of
Hinduism; Brahma, Vishnu, Krishna and Shiva, who they are and why they are worshipped
highly than others and in the final section, there will be a discussion on how
worshipping within Hinduism has changed into modern society.

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The multiple Gods/Goddesses of Hinduism have been created
and drawn from ancient texts that hold an important significance to Hinduism,
there are the three main sacred texts where deities can be described; The
Vedas, The Epics and The Puranas. It is from these texts where the different
deities have been established.

The Vedic deities were created and belonged to the ancient
period of the Arayans that were prominent in 1700-700 B.C.E and a lot of the
deities of this region were found in Greek mythology also, and there are a lot of
similarities between both Greek and Hindu deities of this period. It is known
to be said that perhaps both type of deities may have been the same ones, just
with different names, similarities between both deities include Indra and Zeus;
Indra is known to be the king of the heavens and one of this most known symbol
is the lightning bolt, Indra is also associated with the weather such as the
rain, wind and storms. Zeus is known by Greek mythology to also be a weather
god who can control weather aspects, he is the kind of the Gods/Goddesses of
Olympus within Greek history and similarly, he has a lightning bolt as his
symbol including both Gods symbolising power and authority. The Vedic Gods were
established because of the combination of ideas that were brought to India by
the Arayans, there are known to be 33 Vedic Gods all together which all include
descriptions that are intended to bring a benefit to the material world for the
Hindus, so they could worship them and devote their life to them, the deities
were visualised as having both animal and human forms that they are able to
transform into. After the Aryans invaded India, the old Vedic religion underwent
some changes that would affect the deities of the religion, as the changes
happened the deities were known to become concerned at the fact that they were
not being worshipped and because of this, the deities changed their functions
and lost their prestige.  Thus leading onto the next scripture,
the Epics.

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