Human race is a nomad by nature, just like other animals they used to have their food from nature in form of fruits, roots and hunting. It served their need of clothes by providing animal leather and leaves. Same way the shelter was also provided by nature in form of caves and trees. Living organisms desire to survive. T Construction techniques were also simultaneously developed depending on materials used; this all together gave rise to Vernacular Architecture. Vernacular architecture originated through the need of mankind by making use of the natural resources around him to provide him shelter and comfort which is responsive to the environment, a protection from the environment. It is a pure reaction to an individual person’s or society’s surviving needs, and has allowed man to construct even before any formal education of construction. Vernacular buildings are a fundamental characteristic of human civilizations that are sustained and transmitted by practices from one generation to others. The natural desire to have connection to one’s surroundings is reflected in this  peculiar architectural feature, a spatial language or form that is followed throughout the generations. Vernacular architecture adheres to basic green architectural principles of energy efficiency by utilizing materials and resources near the site. These structures capitalize on the native knowledge of how buildings can be effectively designed by taking advantage of local materials and resources. The effectiveness of climate responsive architecture is proved in course of time by less cost o A poorly designed structure which doesn’t consider environmental or vernacular factors can ultimately cost the occupant in addition to the environment more in resources than a properly designed building. By applying vernacular strategies to modern design, a structure can ideally achieve net zero energy use, and be a self-sufficient building. Vernacular buildings are human constructs that result from the interrelations between ecological, economic, material, political and social factors. Etymologically, for anything to be considered vernacular, it has always been assumed that it must be native or unique to a speci?c place, produced without the need for imported components and processes, and possibly built by the individuals who occupy it. In the twenty-?rst century, as culture and tradition are becoming less place-rooted and more information-based, these particular attributes of the vernacular have to be recalibrated to re?ect these changes (Nezar Alsayyad). Such simple traditions have long been regarded as backward, and have been replaced by half-digested, largely inappropriate architectural values. Pre-industrial way of construction was sustainable, survived for many years following vernacular traditions but we can’t say the same for the post industrial era which was a period of chaos and population explosion, housing for masses had to be catered. New materials were produced in excess and exported throughout the world by means of new transportation and communication techniques.  One vital difference between pre- industrial people and us is that they worked in harmony and respect with nature instead we got lost in this networking era, detaching our self from nature. The way human settlements are structured in modernity has been greatly contrasted with nature; current architecture focuses on the occupying more of people than connection with surrounding environment. In this process context of architecture has been forgotten and use of foreign materials, techniques started. People see steel, concrete and glass as architecture of high quality, it is essential to consider the embodied energy lost in the transportation of these goods to the construction site. Whereas lot of vernacular methods including adobe, thatch or bamboo are often associated with underdevelopment. Ironically, these local methods are far more sustainable and contextually aware than much contemporary architecture seen today. On top of this to make these structures livable, more energy is used. In today’s situation where fossil fuels are on the verge of end and world facing devastating climate change living traditional vernacular values are making our chances of survival thin. What types of buildings will be most resilient in the face of such challenges’ if this is a question, many people’s response is that traditional vernacular prototypes are best adapted to the different climates they occupy and therefore are better suited to provide sustainable prototypes for a future with cheap energy, far more so than energy expensive high-tech building types.”Vernacular architecture can be said to be ‘the architectural language of the people’ with its ethnic, regional and local ‘dialects,'” writes Paul Oliver, author of ‘The Encyclopedia of Vernacular Architecture of The World’.  The world getting smaller day by day with new technological achievements, with advancement in medical science human lifespan is also increasing putting pressure on natural resources to serve the new life.  A major challenge faced by global community is to house the billions of people that inhabit the world, now and in the future, in culturally and environmentally sustainable ways. Current estimates predict an increase of the world’s population to approximately 9 billion people in 2050, all of whom will need to be housed. We may not be able cater this need through vernacular architecture but principles of vernacular can define guidelines for design, but irony is vernacular architecture continues to be associated with the past, underdevelopment and poverty, and there seems to be little interest among planners, architects and politicians in the achievements, experience and skills of the vernacular buildings or the environmentally and culturally appropriate qualities of the buildings they produce. If anything is to be taken from vernacular architecture, it provides a vital connection between humans and the environment. It re-establishes us in our part of the world and forces us to think in terms of pure survival – architecture before the architect. These structures present a climate-responsive approach to dwelling and are natural and resource conscious solutions to a regional housing need. The benefits of through what the Architectural Review recently described as “a global pandemic of generic buildings.” Instead of following foreign language of development and loose identity and nature , its time to open our eyes and give vernacular a chance to make future healthy and livable for next generations.

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