Nominally independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty following WW II. The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile River in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt. A rapidly growingly population (the largest in the Arab world) will continue to stress Egyptian society and overtax resources as the country enters the new millennium.
Location Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip
Area comparative Slightly more than three times the size of New Mexico
Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
Muslim (mostly Sunni) 94% (official estimate), Coptic Christian and other 6% (official estimate)
Eastern Hamitic stock (Egyptians, Bedouins, and Berbers)
99%, Greek, Nubian, Armenian, other European 1%
Gross domestic product (total value of goods and
services produced annually) $267.1 billion (1997 est.)
Exports $5.1 billion, primarily crude oil and petroleum
products,cotton yarn, raw cotton, textiles, metal products,
Imports $15.5 billion, primarily machinery and
equipment, foods, fertilizers, wood products, durable
Egypt is probably the world's oldest civilizations having emerged from the Nile Valley around 3,100 years ago, historically. Before ruled by the Egyptian Pharaohs, Egypt had five time eras: The Lower Paleolithic era, lasting from approximately 2 Million – 100000 BC; The Middle Paleolithic era, from 100000 – 30000 BC; The Upper Paleolithic era, from 30000 – 10000 BC; The Epipaleolithic era, from 10000 – 5500 BC; The Predynastic Period, from 5500 – 3100 BC.After this transition, the ruling of Egyptian Dynasties by Pharaohs began to rule the vast desserts of Egypt from 2920 BC to 332 BC.
After Dynasties of Pharaohs, Egypt was under Greek rule and Alexandria obtained its name after its ruler, Alexander III. Sit…

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