concerns of childbirth Choi (2008)
has brought the aspect of an economic approach to the table of Korean
studies. Choi has researched how work and childbirth correspond with
each other and has set an empirical study forward that shows any
correlation by comparing national and international data. Choi has
looked at the potential opportunity costs arising from childbirth and
points out that there are more deficits for the women and opportunity
cost increases if women are unable to participate in the labour force
after bearing a child.

(2008) started a greater specific evaluation of the burden of
child-rearing expenses and their effect on on fertility rates. In
this study, Shin located that there is no statistically sizeable
correlation, which show that there is no ex ante difference in
factors of childbirth rates, between families that are inclined to
undergo the burden of education fees and those that are not. Another
goal of this research was to analyse the causal effect of
child-rearing and education fees on birth rates. According to the
results, there are no statistically important effects of child birth
and education fees visible. The research done by Shin (2008) and Cha
(2005) are tremendous in that they looked at factors that decide
fertility rates apolitically. However, their analyses are restricted
in that they used the intention to have a baby as a main factor, as
an alternative than definite childbirths.

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et al. (2010) explored a number of models and discovered that there
is a robust positive influence of monetary support on childbirth in
Korea. However, due to statistical limitations, they did not analyse
immediate child birth and education costs. As referred to in the
introduction, for prospective parents, child birth costs are a
foreseen burden that has not been spent yet. But due to the fact that
information involving definite childbirth and unrealized future
child-rearing charges are no longer effectively available, this has
not been fully examined in current studies. Therefore, an analysis of
the causes of the birthrate minimisation in South Korea must take
into account the social and economic elements that have been
confirmed to be applicable in other research of the fertility rate as

Theoretical framework
this article, we investigate the role of childcare availability for
women’s fertility decisions in Korea. First, we discuss the
relationship between women’s employment, fertility, and child care
from a theoretical point of view, stressing the need for a multilevel
perspective. We estimate the effect of the availability
of public day care and informal child care arrangements on fertility. 

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