Background of the study

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            Listening to music is one of the most enigmatic of human behaviors. Common behaviors have a recognizable utility that can be plausibly traced to the practical motives of survival and procreation. Moreover, in the array of seemingly odd behaviors, few behaviors match music for commandeering so much time, energy, and money. Music listening is one of the most popular leisure activities as it can also be a companion to people’s everyday life. (Front Psychol, 2013.) Electronic Dance Music is music produced through equipment and played in a dance-based environment. The common denominator of dance music is primarily the turntables, in which the Disc Jockey (DJ) uses to combine tracks electronically into one smooth mix (Clair, 2013).


            There has been a significant growth of popularity with Electronic Dance Music. People who are between the ages of 17-20 are active audiences of this music scene due to its energetic and lively vibe. This research entitled, “Electronic Dance Music’s effect to the behavior of Senior High School Students in URBN, Quezon City” determined to identify the reactions and the behavioral and psychological effects of electronic dance music to Senior High School students. The study is intended to identify the possible effects of Electronic dance music to Senior High School students.

             The study also provides awareness to Electronic dance music producers with the effects of this type of music to Senior High School students. Owing the knowledge to the case studies, interviews and dialogues did with the electronic dance music producers, and Senior High School listeners, they have become aware of the possible effects of electronic dance music. The researchers provided the said listeners and producers an overview of how people perceive electronic dance music, thus giving them an idea to promote their art further to the appropriate age group. This research focuses on the behavioral changes and possible psychological effects on Senior High School students while listening to electronic dance music, in addition, this research aims to answer why Senior High School students prefer to attend series of events with this music.


Significance of the Study

            The researchers ought to determine the impact of electronic dance music on Senior High School students according to their reactions, behavioral and psychological effects upon listening to this type of music. The researchers identified the sudden trend of electronic dance music concerning Senior High School Students. The electronic dance music, being the fastest growing genre is very well known in this day of age.

            Events called “Raves” are associated with electronic dance music and it is known for its energetic and lively ambiance. Given that Senior High School students are very familiar with electronic dance music’s high paced ambiance yet they are not fully aware of its effect upon them. This study served as a tool to raise awareness to the possible effects to the behavior of Senior High School students due to the presence of electronic dance music to understand its power to trend. This study aided Electronic Dance Music producers to continue to create music because of its impacts on people. This research served as a basis to raise awareness to the electronic dance music listeners upon the possible impacts that may happen when listening to this type of music.


Review of Related Literature

            According to Oerti (2012), music can induce trance states of varying intensity, but we have to consciously allow ourselves to be open to its power. Trance music emerged in the early 1990s as the dance revolution gripped the UK and mainland Europe and still electronic dance music festivals are one of the most common types of music festivals in the growing festival industry. The reasons why people go to an EDM festival were to have fun with friends, the musical line-up and the overall reputation of the festival.


            According to Oerti (2013), music originates from a basic human need entertainment in which people often listens to music to keep them from boredom. He also said that music can influence the social behavior of groups, Electronic dance music is designed to have an ecstatic effect on its audience. Partying and dancing at clubs seek altered states of unconsciousness because of the synesthetic multimedia fusion between sound, visual, stunning decorations, and spectacles such as laser shows and fire acrobatics as said by Oerti (2013).


            As said by Kot (2012), electronic dance music is a pop music’s trendiest acronym. It is the rouge and cutting-edge art form that has darted in and out of the mainstream since the disco ’70s and now it is a stadium-level moneymaker. The energy is created from electronic dance music is as powerful as rock and roll in which people flip out and party. According to Matos (n.d.), electronic dance music encompasses styles ranging from beatless ambient music to 200 beats per minute hardcore, with a mix of house music, techno, drum and bass, dubstep, and trance among the most-notable examples that make the senior high school students crazy. According to Godard (2017), electronic dance music is the music of the millennial generation. A generation which has witnessed the greatest technological upheaval since the industrial revolution that makes them more connected to each other and seemingly detached from reality. 

Objectives of the study

–    Identify what factor of Electronic Dance Music has that affect the behavior of Senior High School students


–    Identify how Senior High School students react when they hear Electronic Dance Music.


–    Identify the good and bad psychological effects of Electronic Dance Music to Senior High School students.



            This study aims to find out the effects to the behavior of Senior High School students due to the presence of Electronic Dance Music. Specifically, this study aims to find out the answers to the following sub-problems;


1.)    What factors do Electronic Dance Music have that affects the behavior of Senior High School students?


2.)    How do Senior High School students react when they hear Electronic Dance Music?


3.)    What are the good and bad effects of Electronic Dance Music to Senior High School students psychologically?






            The researchers used unstructured observation and interview. A case study was conducted in URBN, Quezon City, a famous nightclub where most of the customers are students. The researchers observed the actions and behaviors of the students upon hearing Electronic Dance Music and took note of the following: the behavior of the students when they are alone, behavior of the students are in contact or dancing with someone and behavior of the students after the Electronic Dance Music has been played and replaced with a new genre of song. This study also utilized phenomenology wherein the researchers interviewed Disc Jockeys(DJs) who worked at URBN, Quezon City about the factors that Electronic Dance Music have that resulted in the prevailing behaviors of the students. The researchers also applied inductive thematic analysis to study and analyze the data gathered and generate interpretations and give recommendations for the reliability of the study.









            The researchers limited this study to the reactional, behavioral and psychological effects and the factors of Electronic Dance Music that affects the behavior of Senior High School students who visited URBN, Quezon City. Furthermore, this study will not expound on the behavior of the students when they are influenced by alcohol and certain ways on how to properly react towards Electronic Dance Music. The Senior study focused on Senior High School students and Disc Jockeys(DJs) working at URBN, Quezon City. The researchers conducted the study from November 2017 until March 2018.


FRAMEWORK             A
theory made by Bronfenbenner which is the ecological systems theory explains a
child’s development within the context of the system of relationships that from
his or her environment. (Paquette and Ryan, n.d.) Bronfenbrenner defines the
different layers of environment and each of it has an effect on a child’s
development. He divided it into five: the microsystem encompasses that includes
the relationships and interactions a child has with her immediate surroundings,
the mesosystem provides the connection between the structures of the child’s
microsystem, the exosystem layers impact the child’s development by interacting
with some structure in her microsystem, the macrosystem effects of larger principles
defined by the macrosystem have a cascading influence throughout the interactions
of all other layers, and the chronosystem that encompasses the dimension of
time as it relates to a child’s environments.              The
first theory relates on the effects of Electronic Dance Music to people such as
the Senior High School students. Upon hearing the electronic music that the DJ
provides in URBN, Quezon City, it could easily make them feel the music, act on
that music and even dance as well. They were able to know the situation of the
environment which is the club and how to react with that environment. This study
could lie on Bronfenbenner’s layers of environment which is the stage of
exosystem because as it stated on that layer, it is how you interact with the
structure in the microsystem. The structure in this study is the URBN, while
the one who interacts is the students. In line with this, the environment could
make the students develop because they were influenced with that structure.  In relation with influence, a theory
posited by Paul Lazarsfeld in the 1940s and 1950s which is the social influence
theory focuses on the power of informal communication as a complement to the
influence of mass media (Goldsmith, 2013). They discovered that informal
communication is widespread and that certain people were more central and
influential than others in a group.  Nowadays, electronic dance music is very
influential to us most especially to the millenials. Students may be influenced
by their friends and the community that every time they hear this kind of
music, usually in clubs, they rave or dance. According to Cutler &
Carmichael (2010), the social aspects refer to the various social influences,
which can be present during a experience including social settings, personal
relationships, interactions with personnel, interactions with other tourists
and host/guest relationships. It is influential to senior high school students
in a sense that it could be a motivation and satisfaction for them. It could
also be a break from all the stress with their education. Along with the social influence theory is
the novel evolutionary theory offered by Falk (2004) who has proposed that
music arose from humming or singing intended to maintain infant-mother
attachment. Falk’s “putting-down-the-baby hypothesis” suggests that mothers
would have profited from putting down their infants in order to make their
hands free for other activities. Humming or singing consequently arose as a
consoling signal indicating caretaker proximity in the absence of physical
touch. Due to the humming or singing of a mother
in Falk’s theory, the baby would be able to avoid crying and the mother could
do different activities. It is explained in this theory that with just a
glimpse of music, a person could be relaxed without other people around. It
correlates with the social influence theory because music really does a huge
influence to people. 


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