Under Article 135 of the Limitation Act the period of limitation for the enforcement of a decree granting a mandatory injunction is three years from the date of decree or where a date is fixed for performance, such date. As stated, section 48 of the Code of Civil Procedure which dealt with the limit of time for execution has been repealed by section 28 of the Indian Limitation Act, 1963.
Execution of decree for money filed after 12 years from the date of passing decree is barred by limitation.
Order XXI, General:
If after filing of an execution petition in time, the decree holder or judgment-debtor dies, then there is no abatement of the execution petition. Court can fix a reasonable time for bringing legal representatives on record.
This is the position under Order XXII, Rule 12 and Order XXI, C.P.C. Rent Controller is deemed to be civil court, so in execution of eviction case death of decree holder or judgment-debtor does not result in abatement of execution petition. It remains pending and legal representatives can be brought an record within reasonable time.
Execution Proceedings and Res Judicata:
There is a difference between the dismissal of suits and dismissal of execution applications for default when they are not pressed. In the case of dismissal of execution petitions for default or on the ground that they are not pressed, the only point that is decided is that that application is dismissed and there is no bar in the way of a fresh application being made, if necessary, the next day with the same prayer; and unless it can be said there was a decision or adjudication which either directly decided the question on which the parties are at issue or which must be deemed to have impliedly decided it on the ground that the order could not have been made without such implied decision having been arrived at, the rule of res judicata cannot operate or apply.