If his looks had not been judged, then maybe the monster would have carved a place for him self in society. Art and science were never meant to mingle. However new breeds of scientists are turning into artists by using genetic technology to create live pieces of art. Eduardo Kac is one such artist. For his latest work, ‘GFP Bunny’, he created a living green rabbit. “With the assistance of French scientists, Kac used genetic engineering to inject a rabbit zygote with the green fluorescent protein gene – hence the work’s name – that exists in jellyfish.

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The result: a lovable bunny named Alba, whose fur – under optimum frequency blue light – glows green. “(Andrews). Animal and human rights activists and religious groups protest that it is unethical for scientists or artists to play God by inserting the genes from one species into another, especially for artistic purposes. However an indifferent Kac responds that he has “merely taken a step further in what has long been acceptable genetic manipulation” (Andrews). The question that remains to be answered is that whether this step taken is ethically acceptable.

Fortunately, when science takes over nature’s responsibilities, there are always those who defend her and criticize the rebel scientist. In a way, these moral voices try to elucidate the depraved implications brought on by scientists and philosophers who take over nature’s reigns. In ‘The Birthmark’, a role such as this is taken on by Aminadab who is Aylmer’s assistant. Even though he is the not as spiritual or cerebral as Aylmer, Aminadab understands the importance of the birthmark.

He knows that removing the birthmark would cause more harm than evil. Aminadab mutters that if Georgiana were his wife, “he would never part with the birthmark” (Hawthorne 1134). He is the voice of reason in Aylmer’s mad pursuits. But Aylmer chooses to ignore Aminadab because of his low stature. In a similar way Frankenstein becomes his own moral voice. But this realization comes at a very high price. Since Frankenstein could never love his creation because of its hideous looks, the monster turns against him.

The creature revenges Frankenstein for creating him and not loving him by killing all of his loved ones. That is when Frankenstein realizes the allusions of his actions and sets out to seek the monster and destroy him. Frankenstein feels as though he is unleashed a great danger on society and it is his responsibility to eradicate the danger. What escapes Frankenstein is that the creature is an individual who has become the victim of society. “I ought to be thy Adam; but I am rather the fallen angel, whom thou drivest from joy for no misdeed” (Shelley 93-94).

These words indicate that the monster did not have any intentions of hurting anyone; yet, because of his denial in to society, he has become “a fiend” (Shelley 94). And the only way Frankenstein thinks he can get rid of this fiend is by killing him. If only Frankenstein could bestow affection on the monster, then maybe the creature would no longer be a fiend. Throughout history, moral voices have always interjected science’s great mistakes. Cloning is one such mistake and has received a lot of flak from religious groups, governments, political parties and Congress.

When Richard Seed, a prominent Chicago scientist announced his plans to clone a human baby, he received a lot of criticism from all sections of society. Bishop Elio Sgreccia, vice president of the Pontifical Academy for Life and director of the Bioethics Institute at Rome’s Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, said human cloning “represents a dominion by man over man and includes a kind of desire to replace God’s plans in an aritrary and complete way, creating man in man’s image and likeness” (Sgreccia 8).

Marry Shelly’s novel, “Frankenstein” and Nathaniel Hawthorne’s short story “The Birthmark” both relate to recent cloning efforts. Shelly’s main character, Victor Frankenstein and Hawthorne’s central character, Aylmer, are both scientists par excellence and they wish to conquer nature with their superior knowledge. Similarly, cloning efforts have proved to be successful and could eventually take over nature’s creative role.

However, even as Aylmer, Frankenstein and the renegade scientist succeed at going against nature, they ultimately have no control over their creations as nature will take back what is rightfully hers. Show preview only The above preview is unformatted text This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Mary Shelley section.

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