National Health Policy (2016)
Nigeria’s first Health Policy
was launched in 1988 “The National
Health Policy and Strategy to achieve health” for all Nigerians, and was
subsequently revised in 2004.
With new trends, realities and the unfinished
agenda of the MDGs and SDGs, the National Health Act and the National Strategic
Health Development Plan (NSHDP) (2010 -2015), its became necessary to develop a
The National Health Act serves
as the Legal framework for the policy.
A situation analysis prior to
the development of the policy revealed that based on the NSHDP and WHO building
blocks there is almost an absence of a financial risk protection. It also
revealed that and access to health services largely dependent on socioeconomic
status and geographical location among others.
Vision: Universal Health Coverage for all Nigerians
Mission: To provide stakeholders in health with a comprehensive framework for
harnessing all resources for health development towards the achievement of
universal health coverage as encapsulated in the National Health Act in tandem
with the sustainable development.
Policy Goal: To strengthen the health
system particularly the primary healthcare subsystem, to deliver effective,
accessible, efficient equitable, affordable, acceptable and comprehensive
healthcare services to all Nigerians.
Policy thrusts: Governance, Health
Services, Health Financing; Human Resources for Health; Medicines, Vaccines,
Commodities, and Health Technologies; Health Infrastructure; Health Information
systems; Health Research and Development; Community ownership/ Participation;
and Partnerships for Health.
The policy will be implemented
through the development and implementation of a series of National Strategic Health Development Plans, each covering a period
of 5 years.
Specific indicators for
monitoring progress will be fully specified in the National Strategic Health Development
All states are expected to
adapt the policy contexts and develop their corresponding Strategic Health
Development Plans accordingly.
Health Development Plan
In January 2017, the minister
of Health, Prof Adewale announced that the Technical Working Group for the
development of the second National Strategic Health Development Plan had been
inaugurated and was fully driving the process.
He explained that the framework
and guidelines will be used at both the Federal and State levels to develop
their specific plans These plans will then be harmonized, costed and annual
health budgets derived from it.
On the 18th of May
2017, stakeholders converged in Abuja to validate the draft of the National
Strategic Health Development Plan Framework II.
The framework will guide
government at both states and federal levels to develop specific plans that
will feed into the overall Health Strategic Plan.
The Minister of Health
encouraged states to develop state-specific plans (even at the local government
level) using NSHDP II framework as a guide to achieve coherence between local
operational plans and the national strategic plan.
The NSHDP II framework founded
on the eight pillars of the health system, links health service delivery with
system strengthening which include: Leadership and Governance for Health;
Health Service Delivery; Human Resources for Health; Financing for Health;
National Health Management Information System; Partnerships for Health;
Community Participation and Ownership; and Research for Health.
The validation workshop was
attended by the Minister of Health, the Minister of State for Health,
Commissioners of Health from all 36 States, Development Partners and other