Nicaragua is a Hispanic country located in the middle of Central America. It became an independent republic in 1838 after the country won their independence from Spain. In the late 70's and early 80's a brief civil was fought and the result gave power to Sandinista guerrillas. These people drove the economy of Nicaragua into the ground, and caused the US to send forces down there and overthrow them. Since then, free elections have been held, and they are slowly bringing their economy back up to par.
Nicaragua has a very diverse population. The three major ethnic groups are the mestizos, whites, and the blacks. The official language is Spanish, but many people are also fluent in English. Roman Catholic is the dominant religion followed by Christianity. There are about 5 million people in country. Nicaraguans are among the poorest people in Central America. Their wages are very small and many people live on less than 1$ a day there. Their life expectancy is 69, which is the lowest in all of Central America. This is caused by lack of health care and the proper nutrition. Women in Nicaragua have many of the same rights as those in the US. Nicaragua even has a female president, who is thefirst female to head a country in Central America. Nicaragua has a very urban culture, this means that most of its population lives in cities.
Nicaragua is called the land of lakes and volcanoes. It is bordered by Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. Nicaragua has an area of 49,998 square miles, which makes it the biggest of all the Central American countries. Two of the largest lakes in Nicaragua are Lake Nicaragua and Lake Managua. Nicaragua is not very developed, so the people use the rivers for transportation. The Rio Grande and the Escondido provide the majority of transportation between the coasts. Some hydroelectric power has been established in the smaller rivers, but the technology cannot support much of it. The west

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