‘Outside is the world; it’s there. Pop Art looks out into the world’- Roy Lichtenstein. Pop Art is an art movement best known for the art work of Roy Lichtenstein and Andy Warhol as well as the movement that led to Postmodernism. In Pop Art artist usually includes Hollywood movies, advertising, pop music, and comic books. A lot of the books talk about this art movement.
In “Modern Art” by David Bitt explains the three major characteristics of Pop Art as well as the art in New York, The West Coast, The Great Britain and The Continental Europe. The book goes into more detailed information about New York artists such as Marcel Duchamp, Robert Rauschenberg, Jasper Johns, Roy Lichtenstein, Andy Warhol and many more. The West Coast artists that are mentioned are a few; these artists are Edward Ruscha, Wayne Thiebaud and Mel Ramos. The author mentions two artists that influenced British Pop Art. These two were Francis Bacon and Eduardo Paolozzi he also mentions other artist of Great Britain like Richard Hamilton, Peter Blake, R. B. Kitaj, Richard Smith, David Hockney and Many more. As for the Continental Europe artist are Yves Klein, Valerio Adami, Martial Raysse, Arman, Cesar, Christo and Wolf Vostell.
The West Coast is the home of Hollywood, which is one of the most influential icons for Pop Art. In the book the author indicated that there are two most important cities that accepted Pop Art, the two cities are Los Angeles and San Francisco; Los Angeles being more important than San Francisco. The Great Britain is where Pop Art was first discovered. In the book the author talks about how the British Pop Art is influenced by American life but not America.
Unlike the Modern Art book, “Artoday” by Edward Lucie- Smith doesn’t divide the book into categories of artists of cities they where well-known in, instead it talks about the artists and the art works in the beginning of the movement till the end of the movement. The author starts of by explaining Pop Art and how it is still one of the most referred to art movement. The author expresses that if he had to choose a truly significant Pop Art picture that would describe what the future of art would look like he picked Andy Warhol’s 200 Campbell’s Soup Cans which then he compares it to the Jasper Johns Numbers.
He later on mentions the Noise by Ed Ruscha and how it almost seems to have a kinesthetic function, he moves on and starts talking about how some artist were stuck and couldn’t develop there work one of theses artist is James Rosenquist who seemed to be disappearing but didn’t with his painting the Gift Wrapped Doll # 19. The author then talks more about different artist such as Joseph Stella and his work ‘ I Saw the Figure Five in Gold’ and ‘ Gerald Murphy Razor’ as well as artists Keith Haring’ and Tom Otterness.
The author then goes into more details of how Pop Art in 1960’s and even in 1970’s deals a lot with sexuality due to feminist movement. Artist such as Tom Wesselmann, Mel Ramos, Allen Jones and Steve Gianakos are mentioned as examples of feminist movement artwork. The author then talks more about how that in the late 1970’s Oldenburg was given the opportunity to give form to his idea, Oldenburg work is symbolic, and due to it being symbolic it was easy for his work to be against him. The author ends by talking about the great David Hockney and how now that Picasso, Warhol, Salvador Dali and even Francis Bacon are all dead, Hockney is probably the best-known artist that is still alive. Hockney was recognized very early, he is known as one of the most authentic Pop Artists. The author goes into more details about Hockney life, how his life was when he first moved to USA and about one of his best-known works the Los Angeles painting.
“A History of Modern Art” by H. H. Arnason and Marla F. Prather explains how the Pop generation responded to the media image that the Abstract Expressionists chose to ignore like Andy Warhol Said ” The Pop artists did images that anybody walking down Broadway could recognize in a split second- comic, picnic tables, men’s trousers, celebrities, shower curtains, refrigerator, coke bottles- all the great modern things that the Abstract Expressionists tried so hard not to notice”. The authors’ starts talking about the Pop Art in Great Britain and that often Pop Art is regarded as an American phenomenon but what most don’t know is that it was discovered in Britain in mid- 1950’s.
Then the authors goes into more details of how Pop Art was discovered and that the term Pop was first used in print by Lawrence Alloway in 1958.The authors the start talking about different artists in the Great Britain these artists are Richard Hamilton, Edouardo Paolozzi, Peter Blake, R. B. Kitaj and David Hockney. Then they move on to the Neo- Dada and Pop Art in the United State and how in specially 1960’s Pop Art had a natural appeal to American artists. Couple of artist and there art work are talked under the Neo- Dada and Pop Art these artists are Robert Rauschenberg and Jasper Johns. Unlike the other books this book talks about Happening and Environments. Allan Kaprow art work is shown and talked about under Happening and Environments as well as George Segal, Claes Oldenburg, Jim Dine, Lucas Samaras, Richard Artschwager, Larry Rivers, Roy Lichtenstein, James Rosenquist, Tom Wesselmann and many more.