Mr. Utterson also has an inexplicable presence; he is described as “the last good influence in the lives of down-going men”. This gives the reader the impression that this story is going to result with the end of someone’s life. It is apparent that in this book, Mr. Hyde represents the beast in man. Every man toils with his fine side and his dark side; most people find a balance between these two faces. In Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, it is clear that Hyde is the malevolent side while Jekyll is the sincere side. Hyde is described as the beast in man because he appears to be unable so control his instinctual desires.
This lack of self restraint is what separates him from the rest of the respectable society, isolating him and making him an enigma. Two major crimes are committed in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. These are; the incident with the little girl and the Crarew murder case. They were both un-provoked acts of violence, and on both occasions the culprit, Hyde, was caught. The first crime that was committed was the unfortunate incident with a little girl who was on her way home, when she was trampled over by Hyde. The main witness, Mr.
Enfield, describes Hyde as “some damned Juggernaut” which presents a demonic image of an unstoppable beast attacking an innocent victim. When Enfield catches Hyde he stated “I had taken a loathing to my gentleman at first sight”, this is very unusual as someone must either be seriously evil or very ugly and unfortunately for Hyde, it seems as though it was a bit of both. The evil sense is perpetuated partly from Hyde but also by the reaction from Mr. Enfield. “I saw Sawbones turn sick and white with the desire to kill him” this is a rather explosive reaction to meeting a complete stranger making Hyde even more mysterious.
In the second instance Hyde crossed paths with a very important man called Sir Danvers Carew. They held a brief convocation before Hyde lost his temper and battered him to death. A maid witnessed the spectacle and was so over whelmed by the ordeal that she fell unconscious. This was also quite an elaborate reaction to Hyde’s unruly behaviour. The maid describes him as having “ape like fury” yet again referring him to an animal. The scene is set very innocently; a beautiful night with a feeling of peace and contentment.
Everything seems calm but then bang! Hyde goes mad and batters a man to death. Another mysterious event is when it is revealed that Hyde has defaced all of Jekyll’s books; this gives the unaware audience the sense of a vicious betrayal, while actually it was a representation of the torment with in the conflicting sides of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Not only is evil represented through the split personality of man, but through subtle symbols, such as; Dr. Jekyll’s house with the windows always shut and the heavy attacks of fog.
All these subtleties contribute to the malevolent setting. There is an obvious divide between the two towns; one debauched and daunting, the other attractive and inviting. In the first chapter the mysterious atmosphere in branded into the mind of the reader. Symbolism is a superb way of giving an abstract message in a sophisticated manner. Stevenson does this proficiently creating a whole new world for the reader to fall into. The symbols are everywhere; colours, figures, characters and objects. Dr. Jekyll’s house is described as “well-appointed.
” He is also described as having “a great air of comfort and wealth about him. ” This is symbolising the good in man. However, his laboratory is described as having “the marks of profound and sordid negligence. ” This symbolises that underneath all this there is the corrupt and perverse life of Hyde. The street that they live on is described as being one, but to most, they would think that they were two different streets. This symbolises the relationship between Jekyll and Hyde as there would not be a detectable relationship between Dr.
Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. The style that this novel is written in is a rather brisk, business like manner, with everything documented in great detail. This is due to the perspective that the story is told from. For example; most of the story is told from Mr. Utterson’s point of view and as he is unaware of what is going on, the story unfolds in a mysterious way. However, when the perspective changes, not everything is revealed but subtle clues are dropped here and there to steal the reader’s attention and make him more eager to read on.
It is apparent that Mr. Utterson’s goal is to relieve the strain from Hyde on his good friend Jekyll consequently arousing an investigatory feel to the book. As he digs deeper into the mystery surrounding the case, more clues are unearthed, allowing the reader to make their own deductions on what is going on and what may happen next. Dr. Lanyon’s narrative is a letter written to Utterson explaining what is going on. However, it is intended that Utterson only read this after both Jekyll and Lanyon are dead.
As Jekyll is not yet dead, the reader will never know the truth until the end of the book; hooking the reader into the malevolence as the plot thickens. This presents another, smaller mystery into the larger picture, as the cause of Lanyons death is unknown. This presents the reader with the question: “what could Jekyll have done to kill one of his oldest and closest friends? ” The final and long-awaited perspective for the story to be told from is from Dr Jekyll’s. This is where the entire story is unravelled. This is shown by a confession from Jekyll.
He explains the reasons that everything was left in a will to Hyde, the correlation in the handwriting and the build up to the brutal murders. He also explains why many of his books and belongings had been defaced while he was in the form of Hyde. This is another symbol of the struggle between men and their beasts. As the novel progresses, it is noticeable that Hyde gets more and more quick-tempered and uncontrollable. He behaves like a lost soul in the grip of a gross heroin addiction, on the road to mans’ ruin. When he encounters Utterson, his ferocity is less subtle on each occasion.
This gives the reader the sense that something is definitely wrong. The title of Stevenson’ The title of Stevenson’s novel shows a relevant depiction of evil. The title shows metaphoric value showing the consequences of the repressed behaviour of a respectable male. All the crimes committed within the story can show a relation the Dr. Jekyll’s mental state and emotions. Nobody wants to be controlled which shows why Jekyll loses control in order to take the form of this deformed being and exact his freedom. We can see throughout that freedom of the mind is the true evil in the Jekyll and Hyde.