Politically meant resources, manpower, and energies could be directed out words instead of being needed to deal with internal problems. Economic is the traditional land trading routes with Asia had been cut off. Europe alternative routes were available by sea. Any country would be able to make re-exporting trade goods from Asia to the rest of Europe. Technology; a new type of ship is the invention of the caravel that made it easier to steer in straight line. That meant it could take against the wind and it could move much faster and safer to make long journeys.Because of three factors; first, the Amerindians’ lack of resistance to diseases brought from the Eastern Hemisphere. Second, the Spanish is superior military technology such as swards, armor, horses, and some firearms. Third, Spain’s ability to apply the pattern of conquest forced conversion.The Protestant Reformation created a lot of alliances and enemies in Europe. It also created a lot of wars between Protestant and Catholic helped by Pop. Reformation helped to set the stage for the modern world.Machiavelli was an Italian historian and writer from the Renaissance. He is known as the author of the prince.The Colombian exchange refers to a period of cultural and biological exchanges between the new and old world. Exchanges were as plants, animals, and technology.The Atlantic slave trade was an example of forced migration in human history; ten percent of the slaves imported from Africa came to the United States, and ninety percent were disbursed throughout the Americas nearly half went to Brazil.The Mughal Empire held sway over a large part of India for nearly three centuries, but a drastic decline in its power came about the first half of the eighteenth of the administrative structure built by rulers like Akbar and Shah Jahan. So the history graphical on the Mughal decline can be divided into two sections; first, the Mughal centric approach historians to identify the causes of the decline within structure of the Empire itself. Second, the region centric approach was the perspective goes out of the Empire.Peter introduced a European culture to the Russian, and he plotted a modernization strategy for Russia which would make the greatest power for both military and politically in Europe.The Industrial Revolution was a major shift of technological, socioeconomic, and cultural conditions that occurred in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century. It began in Britain and spread throughout the world, a process that continues as industrialization.In 1833 the government passed a factory act to improve conditions for children working in factories. Young children were working very long hours in workplaces where. The new laws would focus on; no child work under the age of nine, children were not work at night, two hours schooling each day, and four factory inspectors were to be placed the laws in action.