QuestionsBasics: Name of god (s)/prophet (s). WaheguruThe god of Sikhism is referred by Sikhs with multiple names, some even refer to God as Rama, or Allah from other religions. A commonly used name is Waheguru.·    Sikhs believe that God is shapeless, timeless, sightless, fearless, unique, unconquerable, compassionate, and much more·    Sikhs believe that God is in everything and is everywhere.However, God can only be seen by those that he blesses. ·    God also makes his decisions through the Gurus.·    God communicates his message through the Gurus’ teachings and in their words. ·    God created the universe and the universe only exists because God wills it to exist. God also created people to know the difference between what is right and what is wrong. ·    God is the one supreme lord·    God is eternal truth ·    No images of God can be worshipped (God is shapeless) Guru Nanak The religion was founded by Nanak but he was also a prophet. He visited many sacred places in India, central Asia, Middle East, and Mecca. He was fluid in the scriptures of all major religions like Christianity and Judaism. Guru Angad He is credited with the invention of Gurumukhi. Gurumukhi is a language writing system. Guru AmardasIt is thought that he started the tradition of the Langar, a “social kitchen” to remove caste distinctions and establish social harmony (get to know each other) among his followers.Guru RamdasHe was the son-in-law of Guru Amardas. He founded the city of Ramdaspur, or now known as Amritsar. The construction of Guru Harminder Sahib (the Golden temple) also began here during his time. Guru ArjanHe was the youngest son of Guru Ramdas. He compiled the Adi Granth which is the most important segment of the Guru Granth Sahib. He made Sikhism very popular during his lifetime and thereby attracted the attention of the Mughal Emperors.Guru Har GobindSon of Guru Arjan, he perfected the dress code introduced by his father and started the tradition of wearing two swords, one signifying political (amiri) authority and the other religious (fakiri). He tried to gather the Sikhs and the Hindus against the Mughals. Because of this, he had to face the wrath of the Mughal Emperor, Jehangir.Guru Har RaiHe supported Dara Shukoh, the brother of Aurangazeb in his conflict and had to pay dearly for it. His son was held hostage by Aurangazeb and Har Rai could not confirm his release.Guru Har KrishanHe was the second son of Guru Har Rai, who succeed his father at the age of five since his brother was taken as a hostage by the Mughals. The Mughal Emperor then summed him to Delhi and he died later shortly at the mere age of eight.Guru Teg BahadurSikhism suffered from schism during his Bahadur’s life. But Bahadur was able to spread Sikhism to a greater degree. Aurangazeb executed him for the resistance of Mughal authority. Guru Gobind Singh He the most famous after Guru Nanak. He was born at Patna. Because of the execution of his father, he became a member of the Guru at the age of nine. He decided to organize the Sikhs into the Khalsa, a group of soldiers to oppose the tyranny of the Mughals. He began the tradition of adding the suffix ‘Singh’ to the names of the Sikhs. He introduced the baptism of the sword, abolished the succession of the Gurus and made the Guru Granth Sahib the symbol of the Guru himself. He spent most of his time resisting the Mughals to whom he lost both of his two sons. He was assassinated by a Pathan at Nanded in “present-day Maharashtra”. Swami Vivenkananda called him rightly “the most glorious hero of our race.”What are the dates the religion began and the geographic location? (CityAnd Region) The religion begun in 1459 when it was founded by Guru Nanak. It originated in Punjab, India. What are other important dates/holidays are there?(Minimum of 3) Vaisakhi (Celebrated on April 13 or 14) In 1699, the tenth guru, Guru Gobind Singh, chose Vaisakhi as the time to transform the Sikhs into a family of soldier saints, known as the Khalsa Panth. Hola Mohalla (Celebrated on the first of the lunar month of Chet) This holiday was originally held for the military to practice training and hold “mock battles”. Guru Nanak’s birthday (Celebrated on Nov, 23) This holiday is held to honor Guru Nanak’s birthday, the founder of Sikhism. Maghi (Celebrated on January 14) This holiday is held to honor of many of Guru’s close followers when they were attacked by the Mughal army. They sacrificed their lives in the Battle of Muktsar on December 1705. This act of self-sacrifice allowed them to achieve liberation from the cycle of rebirth.What is the language most associated with this religion? People usually speak the Punjab language. This is because Sikhism originated inPunjab, India.Is the religion Monotheistic, polytheistic or atheist? Elaborate on why that is so. Sikhism is monotheistic. This is because of the fact that Sikhism borrowed from the belief of “there is only one true god” from Islam. Sikhism still constantly celebrates polytheistic festivals from Hinduism their “parent religion”. In fact, Sikhism was once part of Hinduism, but decided to separate from the rejection of Sikhism’s castle system.What are the major beliefs/principles of the religion? (Minimum of 5)1. Sikhs belief there is a cycle of life. It goes birth, life, rebirth, life, rebirth, life, rebirth, life and so on… The happiness of each life is determined by karma, a belief that they share with Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Karma is determined by the behavior of one in their previous life. The way out of the cycle is to achieve true knowledge and union with their God.2. It does not please God if you pay no attention to others and simply yourself devote yourself to the religion. Sikhism does not demand that you must stray from ordinary life to get closer to god, it actually says that you will get closer to God by leading an ordinary life. By devoting yourself to normal life and service to people and society (such as housework, jobs, and chores). This will supposedly get rid of your ego and pride and get you closer to God.3. The three duties that a Sikh must do in he/she’s life are, Pray, Work, and Give. PrayNam JapnaKeep God in mind all the time. Work Kirat KaroGod is truth; Therefore, a Sikh must seek an honest life. This means avoiding: Gambling, Begging, Crime, or working in any alcohol or drug companies. Give Vand ChhaknaShare to ones in need. 4. There are also five vices that Sikhs try to avoid. These vices will make one self-centered, and build a tense relationship with God. LustGreed and CovetousnessAttachment to things of this worldAngerPride 5. Sikhs believe that God is a shapeless, indescribable being that has always existed, even before the “beginning”. There is no beginning or end to the existence of God.6. Sikhs do not believe in Heaven or Hell, but they believe that karma will determine if you will reach unity with God. Describe their Holy book. The Holy book is called Guru Granth Sahib. The book contains·    writings of the Gurus, Muslim Fakirs, and Hindu saints.·    states that to truly live a life dedicated to God, you must chant his name, his words, and his glory.·    Many verses and parts of many other sacred religions books are included in this book.·    A collection of prayers, aka Shabads, that are meant to be recited to the sound of music·    1430 pages·    A large chunk of the book is made up of Shabads·    Some scriptures in the book were composed by Guru Nanak, and for some, a few other Gurus helped·    The book is kept inside every Gurdwaras, a place of worship for Sikhs·    The book is placed on a Takhata, which means “throne” Where do you find this religion being worshiped in the world? Sikhism is mainly found in India, though a large amount of concentration of Sikhs are in Canada, East Africa, Malaysia, The United Kingdom, The United States, Australia, and Bangladesh. There are many Sikhs in other countries as well How many people worship in this religion?Approximately 24 million people in the world worship this religion. The population of Sikhs increases by 1.7 percent each year. What Symbol(s) represent this religion and why? The symbol of Sikhism is made up of three overlapping symbols. The Khanda This is the double-edged sword that represents the belief in only one God. The Chakkar This is a circle that represents God, without end or without beginning. Two crossed Kirpans/Daggers Representing the balance of spiritual and earthly power. Larger Scope Questions: What must people do to practice this religion? Elaborate on their everyday lives. People who practice Sikhism believe that by living in the world and dealing with different problem is a way of practicing religion. 1) Sikh would wear five physical symbols, they are Kesh (uncut hair), Kara (a steel bracelet), Kanga (a wooden comb), Kacha (Cotton underwear) and Kirpan (steel sword). 2) Sikh cannot drink alcohol or consume any non-medicinal drugs and tobacco. 3) There is a Sikh calendar called Nanakshahi calendar.  It was actually developed by a Canadian Sikh who was computer engineer since 1960s. It is a solar calendar with the same year length as Western calendar. It contains 5 months of 31 days and 7 months of 30 days. Leap year every 4 years and the last month has an extra day. Year one is the year of Guru Nanak’s birth (1469 CE). Map the spread over time of your world religion from their points of origin to where we find we find the greatest concentrations of followers today. The largest population of Sikhs is still in Punjab, India, the origin of Sikhism. I submitted a map showing an estimated Sikh population in each country in 2004 with historical migration flows. Currently Canada has the largest Sikh population outside of India. Provide at least 3 pictures that are of places of worship, people practicing the religion or religious sites, and give a descriptive rundown of why it is important. Sikhs’ place of worship is called gurdwara.Everyone is welcomed to gurdwaras, including our Prime Minster Justin Trudeau. Golden Temple in India is the holiest gurdwara.Gurdwara is the place where Sikhs can be close to God and worship God. It is also a place where celebrations to life events happen, including birth, marriage and funeral. Also, festivals are celebrated in gurdwara. Also, Sikhs meet at Gurdwara for social activities and grow bonds with each other. The Gurdwara is also a place of welcoming hospitality, any hungry people can grab a meal in the Langar, a traditional social kitchen. People learn Sikhism (its history, the teachings of the Gurus, etc.) at gurdwara and kids can get advices about their personal issues at gurdwara. How does this religion influence the world in a larger context both then and now? Sikhism was originated in Punjab region of Indian around end of the 15th century. It was created when Hindus and Muslims hated each other, and the society was separated. However, Sikhism became a religion for all and helped to remove the hatred between Hindus and Muslims and regroup the once broken society.Today, there are about 27 million people that practice Sikhism. Sikhism inspires people during difficult times. It provides them with hope and helps them with building confidence. It also supports peace in the world. How might geography influence your religion specifically? Geography directly influenced the creation of Sikhism. It was originated from Punjab region which had a broken society where Hindus and Muslims hated each other and were completed separated. Guru Nanak created Sikhism to give people hope and to heal the broken society. In a more general context, why and how do religions start? Why?Religions usually started when people could not understand and worried about unknowns (lightning, deaths, dreams). They needed hope and confidence and wanted to escape from suffering through an easy way. Religions start when people have a way to explain to a certain level of complexity.How?Religions usually invented by a person who had certain beliefs/practices would help people/society. The person usually had a few followers who would then spread the religious ideas and practices to more people. There would sometimes be God(s) who would have the powers to solve everyone’s problem if people believed in him/her/them. The believers would gather at certain places to worship the God, strengthen their beliefs and educate others about the religion. Religions also need a certain number of followers to really take off.The beliefs would then be passed down from generation to generation. 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