Ronald Reagan had a big but slight impact on the removal of the Berlin wall in 1989 near the end of his presidency. The wall was a great problem to all Germans and Reagan saw the trouble and knew he needed to help. After World War II or “The Cold War” Germany was not in a great stance and split. This also caused Berlin, Germany’s capital, to split and cause a problem. Differences struck and Reagan, with his presidential credibility, stepped in and presented his thoughts and opinions on what should be done to the wall.World War II was the separation of the countries and their great powers  eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. After that then became the Cold War, a battle between Americans and the Soviets , causing and influencing  the Berlin Wall to be built.The Berlin Wall was built on the 13th of August in 1961.After World War II, Germany split into East and West sides. Berlin, Germany’s capital and state, then split into two after Soviets took control and the wall was built as a barrier between East and West Berlin. Before the wall, the border was closed off,  there was barbed fencing and armed guards. Not only did the state separate after World War II (Cold War), the split also caused citizens to lose their jobs and cause families to be split apart.Watch towers with armed guards and watch dogs surrounded the thickened concrete border and those who attempted to cross the border were shot and killed on sight. The border was difficult and heartbreaking to witness when a united country and state separate due to a war and differences. “By August 1961, an average of 2,000 East Germans were crossing into the West every day.”Those who crossed and got caught were not lucky. “During the history of the Berlin Wall (1961 to 1989), nearly 80 people were killed trying to cross from East to West Berlin”. The guards did not do much to people who try to cross the border due to the height and thickness. Those who make it over suffer major wounds from the barbed wires and if they do some guards will shoot a person. A terrifying  sight when young men tried to cross and the people of both East and West sides had to witness. ” two young men from East Berlin attempted to scramble to freedom across the wall. One was successful in climbing the last barbed wire fence…suffering numerous cuts… the second young man was shot by machine guns on the East Berlin side… The young man was hit in the back, screamed, and fell backwards off of the wall. For nearly an hour, he lay bleeding to death and crying for help. West German guards threw bandages to the man…” West guards are more forgiving than East guards when it comes to people crossing the border.The conflict was the East Berlin side was ruthless and the state did not agree.Ronald Reagan became president from in 1981 and his presidency ended in 1989. Reagan became the president known for standing just a few feet in front of the Berlin wall and demanded Soviet Leader Mikhail Gorbachev to tear the wall down. “General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization, come here to this gate. Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!”. The demand was for love and peace”Reagan’s speech, emphasizing freedom and reunification…” “The wall — which had divided the German capital since 1961 —was a physical and metaphorical symbol of the ideological and economic differences that separated the East and the West”.Although during the time Reagan gave the speech, the part where he exclaimed  Soviet Leader Mikhail Gorbachev to take down the wall was not in original versions of drafts.”Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!” It is great theater, but ironically, the immortal words almost did not make it into the speech at all. Only Reagan’s rhetorical instincts, and the arguments of his speechwriter, preserved them for history.”Almost 30 years later East and West Germans were finally free. East Germany Officials claimed that East and West Germans may have a “permanent departure” meaning they may get passports and travel to the other side freely. The brand news to both East and West Berlin caused a great catastrophe and many Germans from both sides crossed the border in joy on November 9th 1989. Great joy was brought to all when families friends and workers were reunited.With all the uproar in happiness,a large party was held for two days straight in the streets of Berlin as a celebration. Those who came from the East to the West were greeted with gifts and hugs. With all the  happiness in them, the citizens of the newly reunited state began taking sharp tools; like chisels and hammers, began personally taking down the wall piece by piece. The chips of the walls were saved as a memory for what the people have been through.Through thousands of people chipping,hammering and smashing away at the 96 mile-11.81′ tall wall, many feet of  the wall was torn down.Official demolition of the 27 mile wall took place on the 13th of June 1990 and finished a year after the Cold War ended in 1991, in 1992. The people of the Germany wanted to keep more than a piece chip of the wall as memory , so they left 260+ft worth of wall as a memory and to show history like an outside museum.Ronald Reagan, the president that gave an astonishing speech that not only shocked the people of Germany , but also changed the Soviets minds and tore down the wall. Leaving people to freely travel back and forth between the East and West side. Conflict between the two opposing sides became a compromise of not letting a state go down like its country. Berlin now lives in peace and the long 30 years that most citizens have encountered, are in the past .

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