Samuel C. Smiths A Cautious Enthusiasm presents us with a piece of work that examines the relationship between the Evangelicalism and Anglican establishment in the Colonial and Revolutionary lowcountry of the United States. The author analyzes the Evangelical influences in the lowcountry and how influential Anglican parishioners reacted to the distinctive spirituality of Evangelicalism. The impact that the Evangelical fervor had on Anglicans in the lowcountry during the Great Awakening brings a new meaning to the time of revivalism and the European touches that molded it into what it is known today. Evangelical’s unique religious practice helped bring about the political and social accord in the lowcountries of the South, influenced by the Anglican elite, constructed a new thought around the idea of slavery in the Christian institution, and helped with unification that brought about radicalism during the Revolutionary War.1 Evangelicalism is defined by Smith as “the belief that conversion comes from the sola fide, or the complete faith in Jesus Christ alone”. In a way, it could be said that Evangelicalism has been in Christianity since the beginning, seeing as how faith in Christ has been a major belief in the Christian faith since the beginning.2 The Anglican establishment is interchangeable with, the Church of England. The Churches Anglican leaders, such as Richard Hooker and Lancelot Andrewes, brought their separate approaches to their practice, which surprisingly also held Evangelical influences.3 During the early 1700s, these kinds of thoughts started to infiltrate the Anglican Church. All of these new influences were being seen in the colonial south, as a signifying time to have a revival.Evangelicalism, basically, snuck its way into the Great Awakening. With that being said, the readers learn that the Anglican elites found a way to use it to enhance their religious satisfaction as well as its benefit for their political and social standings without exposing either of them.4 Catholicism, though, became a problem for Evangelicals in the lowcountries. The Catholic clergy, more than Anglican laymen, were the ones to cause a clamor against them.5 But, that did not stop the First Great Awakening and with that, the Evangelical influences and consensus were created. Smith, refers to South Carolina during the First Great Awakening and George Whitefield’s ministry, as an example of this holy unity. South Carolina had been in chaos long before Whitefield came to preach, but things seemed to grow when he did. However, the author denies the insinuations that Whitefield’s preaching was the cause of tension at this time.6 Through his preaching, Smith notes that the Anglican elite of South Carolina were more open to the fact that the Anglicans needed reformation.7Evangelicalism found its foothold in colonial politics as the sense of revivalism and pietism served to bring unity among the colonies. Religious conversion and commitment, as used by Henry Laurens and Christopher Gadsden in reference to the apostle Paul, was like shedding the “old man” to make way for the “new man”, a concept they applied to the birth of a new nation: an independent America.8 Pietistic revival brought about this unity, especially in the lowcountries like South Carolina and Georgia. This is because of the reactions of the Anglican elites in the areas, where the communities were more tight-knit and slavery was present. Patriot representation from the Anglican establishments was strong from these areas because of the influences of Evangelical religion that carried in the form of the Great Awakening in the south.Overall, this was an excellent read. I did not think that I would be interested in a source that had such heavy references to evangelicalism and the Great Awakening. This is one area of history I find hard to get motivated about. But I found Smith’s A Cautious Enthusiasm fascinating and insightful. I learned more about evangelicalism, revivalism, Anglicanism, and the relations of religion and patriotism that spurred the Revolutionary War. As far as writing style, it was dry in some places because of the topic being discusses, but otherwise I thought it had a good flow and I almost breezed right through it in a couple of days. I will definitely keep this book on my shelf for future reference and source material.1 Samuel C. Smith, A Cautious Enthusiasm, (New York: South Carolina University Press, 2013), 3-8.2 Ibid. 2.3 Ibid. 22. 4 Ibid. 29-30.5 Ibid. 81.6 Ibid. 84-85.7 Ibid. 91.8 Ibid. 160.BibliographySmith, Samuel C. A Cautious Enthusiasm: Mystical Piety and Evangelicalism in Colonial South Carolina. Columbia, S.C.: University of South Carolina Press, 2013.