This provision attempts to ensure the safety of the constitutional head of the union and that of any state so that they can exercise their lawful powers unhindered. The section says that whenever someone commits assault or wrongful restraint of, or attempts to commit wrongful restraint of, or overawes by means of criminal force or the show of criminal force, or attempts to overawe by means of criminal force or the show of criminal force, the President of India or the Governor of any State, with the intention of inducing him or compelling him to exercise or refrain from exercising in any manner any of his lawful powers, he shall be punished with simple or rigorous imprisonment for a term extending up to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.
Assault, wrongful restraint and criminal force have been defined under sections 351, 339 and 350 of the Code respectively. A part of the language used in section 121-A has been repeated in this section. The offence under this section is cognizable, non-bailable and non-compoundable, and is triable by court of session.