It has been very well established that a person after spending a life time in prison becomes more revengeful of society He comes out a hardened criminal.
Both forms of punishment are counterproductive. They serve not the purpose for which they are intended. Ironically, both also violate another basic principle of civilized society. It is: “Society prepares the crime and the criminal commits it.” The tragedy is that society goes scot-free but the poor criminal is condemned or punished.
Famous English writer Goldsmith has advocated lack of punishment. He has observed, “The work of punishment is not to make it formidable (powerful) but to make it familiar.” This is possible only if instead of enacting a large number of laws, we spread the message of clean and harmonious, peaceful life.
It is important to bear in mind that punishment has not succeeded in eliminating crime. The famous Newton concept, “To every action there is equal and opposite reaction” is applicable here.