HoughtonlakeBoard.org

TIPS & EXPERT ADVICE ON ESSAYS, PAPERS & COLLEGE APPLICATIONS

At first, this decrease in efficiency appeared as a con­sequence of a structural effect of thyroxine on the mitochondrion.

More recent findings favour the view that thyroxine acts by stimulat­ing the enzyme which transfers hydrogen between nicotinamide- adenine dinucleotide and its phosphate.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

NADH+NADP———?—-a NAD+NADPH

Increased thyroxine results in decreased concentration of NADPH, and this in turn diverts oxidative metabolism from the efficient Embden- Meyerhof glycolysis pathway to the inefficient pentose shunt path­way.

In other vertebrates, particularly poikilothermic animals, in general, oxygen consumption does not increase by thyroxine, though there are numerous reports of increases in individual species or spe­cial conditions, even in invertebrates and microorganisms.

In amphi­bians it stimulates metamorphosis in larvae. Thyroid hormones in­cluding thyroxine have an effect on growth and development in all vertebrates, although their actions are not clearly understood because other hormones also have this activity.

In amphibians, reptiles, and birds the moulting of cornified epidermal cells or of feathers is stimu­lated by thyroxine.

Thyroxine also causes the deposition of melanin in bird feathers and of guanine crystals in the skin of fish, giving them a silvery appearance.

In addition, thyroxine affects such diverse processes as schooling behaviour in fish, the threshold sensitivity of sensory receptors, creatine-creatinine conversion, and water diuresis.

Post Author: admin

x

Hi!
I'm Irvin!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out