The New Kingdom which is also known as the Empire Kingdom was a very tough and trying time for the Egyptian people. The New Kingdom may also be referred to as the Late Kingdom as they seem to tie together. Lasting from 1575 B.C to 332 B.C this era saw many different rulers and finally the collapse of the Egyptian empire. The start of this era began with Ahmose overtakes Hyksos who was responsible for the strengthening of the Egyptian army. Hyksos brought the Egyptians iron weapons and the chariot for warfare. Through time the first ever woman pharaoh emerged and took control over the injured and weak empire of Egypt. Hatshepsut was the first woman ruler that we know in history today. Due to the fact that she was a woman religion and the law, legally and morally forbid her to be a pharaoh. So to overcome that, she simply dressed like a man and sported a fake beard. Hatshepsut lasted longer than many thought, but soon lost her position to one of Egypt’s last and greatest pharaoh, Ramses II. He remained pharaoh for over 67 years until the fall of Egypt to Alexander the Great. After the death of Ramses the third the final chapter , Egypt begins to sees itself to begin to slowly but surely entered their declining stages beginning with the war against the “Sea Peoples.”After the invasion of Sea Peoples, the Egyptians went on to face invaders from the East, and in the west Libyan raids became a common occurrence regardless of the Libyan desert. In addition there was also constant trouble in Nubia with invasions as well causing even more of a loss of power . To add to the issues of the increasingly weak Egyptian empire, they also had a growing number of internal problems. The first and most important of these issues was the fact that the Nile had not been flooding to its normal extent, damaging the economy which was dependent on the silt deposit to feed the country. Another growing problem was that of the priesthood. They had acquired so much land and money, that it became a threat to the central government. The power they had over revenue and religion could not be rivaled by central government, thus creating the classic tension between the kings and priests. Now the economy, unity, and religion of Egypt had all been compromised . On top of this, Egypt’s army still couldn’t cover all of the borders. This led to the hiring of mercenaries, who over time could not be afforded because of the economic downfall. During this time there was an unstable ruling as the Assyrians charged Egypt and took control. Yet even their efforts to maintain control was lost when finally the Persians overcame them. The final stage of Egypt’s New Kingdom was their loss of the throne. However, this time it would not be through war, but by pure overpowering as the result of a marriage. A Libyan general by the name of Sheshonk forced his way onto the throne and founded the 22nd dynasty of foreign rule . Now, although there was not an Egyptian pharaoh, Egypt was still Egypt. The Libyans had openly adopted the Egyptian culture and continued to practice it. The same was true for the following lines of dynasty including those of the Nubians, and the Persians. At this point, it could officially be stated that Egypt had been taken over.

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