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The blanket terms for the Inuit languages are Eskaleut, Eskimaleut, and Inuit-Aleut. There are several possible language families it could belong to, which are the Chukotko-Kamchatkan, Uralic, and Indo-European families, but there is nothing confirmed or widely accepted. The three branches are Inuit, Yup’ik, and Aleut.The Inuit language isn’t actually a branch but one language with different names based on the region and many small dialects. Inuit is a word in the language that means “the people”. It spreads over eastern Canada (where it is called Inuktitut), western Canada, (Inuktitun, meaning “in the Inuit way”), north Alaska (Inupiaq, “real person”), and Greenland (Kalaallisut, “in the Greenlandic way”). The Yup’ik branch is divided into five separate and distinct languages, all with local dialects- Central Alaskan Yup’ik, Pacific Yup’ik (commonly called Alutiiq), Central Siberian Yup’ik (or Chaplinski), Naukanski Siberian Yup’ik (spoken on the Cape Dezhnyov, the easternmost point in Eurasia), and Sirenikski, which nearly extinct. The third and smallest branch is Aleut, spoken by approximately 165 people in the world today. There are three branches of Aleut- Eastern Aleut, Atkan, and practically extinct Attu. Eastern Aleut is spoken in the Umnak, Aleutian, and Pribilof Islands in Alaska, and primarily by middle-aged and elderly people. Atkan is spoken by young people, but no children, in Atka Island, the Aleutian Islands, and by some village elders on Bering Island. Attu is not spoken in the original form today, only in a creolized form, Russian Aleut. There are roughly 77,400 native speakers of the Inuit-Aleut languages in the world today. These languages are very complex, and therefore hard to learn. The Inuit have barely been influenced by any other aboriginal tribes, and the languages have changed very little since their origin due to the isolation that comes with living in the Arctic.

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