The phrase freedom equality fraternity is a national slogan of France and other countries. It is included in the 1958 Constitution of France in Article 2. Freedom and equality refer to the principle of the Declaration of Human and Citizen’s Rights in Article 1 of 1789. This text is the preamble to the Constitution of the Fifth Republic. These three words appear among others during the French Revolution. He first used the phrase Robespierre in his speech “On the Organization of the National Guard” on 5 December 1790 and has since spread throughout France. The Jacobins used more slogans more by using the words freedom and equality rather than the word fraternity which does not refer to either the Charies de doleances or the declaration of rights. Some other slogans were “Union Virtue Power” and “Power Equality Justice”. In 1793 in Paris, the slogan “Democracy is an indivisible – freedom of equality brotherhood or death” is written on the front of the Town Hall. The slogan was also adopted by the Paris Commune in 1793. The slogan was officially approved in France on 27 February 1848 by the Second Republic thanks to Louis Blanc, and in 1879 by the Third Republic. The word brotherhood was identified with religion and was criticized by the liberals who did not support it. Napoleon abolished the slogan as he believed that equality and freedom could not keep up with the brotherhood as it undermines individual rights. In the July Revolution, the slogan was “order and freedom” and during the Napoleonic years it was “freedom, public order”. With the 1848 revolution the slogan was officially adopted. On January 6, 1852, Napoleon the third, the first president of the French Republic, ordered the writing of the triptych from all public documents and buildings. Auguste Comte supported Napoleon’s initiative and proposed to adopt the motto “order and progress”. The Vichy regime later replaced the slogan “freedom, equality, brotherhood” with the motto “work, family, home”. In free France they avoided the slogan as a politician before claiming it in 1941. After the liberation, the interim government of the French Republic restored the slogan and incorporated it into the constitutions of 1946 and 1958. The slogan has also been adopted by other countries such as Haiti, Denmark, the Philippines and the United Kingdom.

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