The proposal that Swift wrote, was aimed at the high class Protestants in Ireland. Swift wanted to show them the injustice of his time of how the Catholics were treated. In his pamphlet, he criticises many different things, such as marriage relationships and landowner behaviour, and then links them to a main criticism, which is how badly the Protestants treat the Catholics, and how they have not realised how bad it really is. Swift used many satirical techniques to bring his point across and by doing so, he had hoped to make the Protestants realised how immoral they were being.
Swift creates a narrator as so the reader, who is intended to be a Protestant of high class, can relate to. An example of this is, “It is a melancholy Object to those, who walk through this great Town, or travel in the Country, when they see the Streets, the Roads, and Cabbin-Doors, crowded with Beggars of the female sex. ” Here, Swift starts his pamphlet with a long articulated sentence from the narrator, as so the reader can associate with him because of the upper class phrasing and wording, and want to continue reading. The word ‘melancholy’ shows us the reader is high class and well spoken, and shows how he has respect for his town.
We also see his disapproval towards the peasants because they are ruining everything. The first part of the pamphlet sounds like a normal, interesting idea discussing how to make these children useful to society, which makes the reader curious about what the narrator is talking about. The narrator is there to draw the reader in, and because the reader has related to the narrator; because the reader is a high class, wealthy Protestant like the narrator, the reader feels guilty at what rich people like themselves have done to the poor. Swift uses emotive language to remind the reader of the difficulty the peasants have to face.
An example of this is ‘are forced to employ all their time in Stroling, to beg’. Here, Swift makes us feel sorry for the peasants, and begin to understand how hard their lives are. In addition, this draws the reader into the article as he becomes interested in what the narrator is going to say next. Another example of this is when he says, “Sustenance for their helpless Infants, who as they grow up, either turn Thieves for want of work,” This also gives the reader a sense of pity towards the peasants, and begins to question the attitudes of the rich to the poor.
In addition, this could relate back to the narrator, because the rich were annoyed at how these peasants had ruined the view of their towns. The use of ‘helpless Infants’ makes it seem even more poignant and sad. We see some of Swift come through and hints at the fact that the Protestants who have made them peasants are the ones to blame for them turning to crime. Another example of emotive language is when it says, “nor offer to Beat or Kick them (as it is too frequent a practise).
” Here he not only criticises the unlawful actions of the Protestants towards the Catholics, but also, by using horrible images he shows us and criticises the relationships in a marriage. He also criticises the attitudes of men towards women by saying how the men would only respect the women now that they carried babies that eventually would be sold and bring them profits. The satirical technique works because the narrator talks about the peasants as if they were garbage, but at the same time, tells us that they are in a very bad condition, this makes the reader feel guilty for what they have done.
Another technique that Swift uses is the use of inappropriate comparisons between people and animals. An example of this is “whereof only one fourth part to be Males, which is more than we allow to sheep, black cattle or swine. ” Swift uses this to show the reader how Catholics are treated as second-class citizens, and questions the reader’s perception of society as a high, middle and low class one. Another example of this is when he says, “A child will make two Dishes at an Entertainment for Friends, and when the Family dines alone the fore of hind quarter will make a reasonable dish.
” Here Swift relates the children to a good meal, which again makes the reader think about what the Protestants, are doing and how immoral and cruel it is. He uses the words like ‘fore’ and ‘hind’ as if he were talking about an animal. These terms makes him seem as if it was a normal thing to do, as it is to eat lamb or pork. This technique works because it makes the reader think that what they are doing to them is not far off from what the narrator is suggesting, and makes them realise how horrible they are.