The information described in the publication is an update in influenza A and H3N2 viruses’ activity in the United States from the months of October 1st to November 25, 2017. in which the majority of cases diagnosed were influenza A of the type H3N2 in the United States during that time frame. According to the MMWR the influenza virus was low during the month of October; however, it was seeing an increment in cases during the month of November 2017; being informed that the indicators for this viral infections were higher for that time of the year, and it has been challenging the predictions if this type of influenza A, of the type of H3N2 will be the predominant during this winter season according to a viral surveillance done by the WHO, and the National Respiratory and Enteric Virus surveillance system laboratories. Being reported a total of 3,723 or 73.4% specimens that tested positive for influenza A, compared to 1,347 or 26.6% from positive specimens tested for influenza B during this period and from patients from all age groups from these surveillance agencies. Also, it was reported 5 cases positive in five different stated for novel influenza A viruses from the variants of influenza infections from the type of swine.
This information has great significance for public health, since epidemiologists can follow the trends of an epidemy and its patterns, in order to, identify the influenza virus and its variants; to reduce the onset of cases reported positive for influenza. Also, to prevent the spread of the viruses, and to develop the necessary measurements to stop the incidence, and the mortality rates from the influenza virus during the flu season.
Public health professionals might utilize the information in practice by studying and analyzing n the data provided to control and prevent the spread of the influenza viruses by monitoring the cases diagnosed positive being that the influenza virus is a notifiable infectious disease required to be notified by medical practitioners to the local and state health departments and to the CDC. Public health professionals also might use this information to implement the vaccination with the development of preventive interventions to reduce the number new cases and to avoid the probabilities of becoming infected with the influenza viruses and to evaluate vaccine and treatment effectiveness. Also, to track how the antivirals are working in early treatment on patients who are newly diagnosed or suspected that had acquired the virus; also, to evaluate if the cases are severe or complicated and require hospitalization; as well as if the virus is progressive, and to monitor the most susceptible populations, and the mortality rates on these populations