The next significant guide in Santiago’s journey is a crystal merchant. The crystal merchant considers Santiago a good omen, a portent of good or evil, because as an employee in the crystal shop, Santiago brings him good wealth and reminds him that he can be an active decision maker in his life. From the glass merchant, Santiago learns how to converse in Arabic, gains a friend and enough money to return to Spain and buy lots of sheep. However, the crystal merchant tells Santiago that he will not return to his sheep because, “Maktub” (Coelho 63). The expression, which means “it is written,” lets Santiago know that it is meant to be for him to seek his Personal Legend and he is constantly reminded as this phrase is repeated throughout the rest of the story. As he follows the omens and nature, Santiago has a certain path he must walk for he is one with the universe and it will lead him the right way. For the readers, this lesson serves the same purpose as it does for Santiago although it might be a bit more vague. “Maktub” is used to reassure the reader that what is meant to happen is already written and is almost unavoidable. However, it also implies that if reaching one’s Personal Legend is meant to happen, it will. The guide who leads Santiago to his treasure is the alchemist. All the while, the alchemist has been waiting for a pupil. While on their travel, the alchemist speaks in riddles and makes it clear that he wants Santiago to learn through actions rather than through words. The alchemist shares with Santiago that certain aspects of life can’t be learned through reason and tells him, “Listen to your heart. It knows all things…” (Coelho 132). Without quite knowing it, Santiago has actually listened to his heart throughout the story. However, actively listening to his heart has allowed him realize how he can truly understand it and use his heart as a tool to help him fulfill his Personal Legend. This is a lesson that can definitely to be used in real life. It is true that the heart knows what it wants, but very often our own heart can become an obstacle to reaching our goal. For example, there are many representations in the media and movies of characters who did not follow their passion for whatever reason and are unhappy with their lives until they finally pursue their goal. The same way the heart can instill excitement and motivation, is the same way it can instill fear and become an obstacle. Learning to listen to one’s heart is important to understand how to overcome any obstacles that will get in the way of realizing one’s destiny. Perhaps one of the most important lessons that can be taken from this story occurs when Santiago arrives at the Pyramids where his treasure supposedly awaits him. After digging tirelessly for a treasure that he does not find, Santiago is beaten and robbed by refugees. After being beat nearly unconscious, one of the refugees turns around before leaving and tells him, “‘You’re not going to die. You’ll live, and you’ll learn that a man shouldn’t be so stupid. Two years ago, right here on this spot, I had a recurrent dream, too. I dreamed that I should travel to the fields of Spain and…if I dug at the root of the sycamore, I would find a hidden treasure. But I’m not so stupid as to cross an entire desert just because of a recurrent dream'” (Coelho 167). Here Santiago learns that the treasure he is looking for is buried under the sycamore tree where he first had the dream. From this part in the story, the reader learns that not everyone will fulfill their Personal Legend or even come close to realizing what it is. By living out one’s Personal Legend, one will always find value because, like Santiago’s situation, the true value can be found in knowledge and experience one gained throughout the journey. This also shows the reader that is no place like home, for it is where one gains the inspiration to dream.

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