The heart is a vital organ not just limited to the human being but also to many in single-celled animals that roam this very earth. The heart is what pumps blood throughout the body (circulatory system) providing the body’s nutrients and oxygen to the tissues. And this allows for the movement of carbon dioxide and other wastes. In order for the body to be fully active, the tissues within the body need a constant supply of oxygen and nutrients. Thus if the heart is not able to provide blood to the tissues and organs, all will without a doubt fail. It may sound weird but the heart of a man is estimated to be around 10 to 12 ounces while a female is estimated to be about 8 to 10 ounces. One would think that all or most hearts would be the same. To go deeper in depth, the human heart has 4 structures or chambers. This includes the two chambers that are located on the upper side of the area; the atria and the two bottom chambers that are located on the lower side of the area; the ventricles. There are two sides of the heart that consist of the right atrium and the right ventricle making up one side and the left atrium and the left ventricle making up the other remaining side. The septum separates the two sides. Now, the heart circulates blood through the body through the pulmonary circuit and the systemic circuit. In the pulmonary circuit, the blood that is deoxygenated leaves the right ventricle to travel to the lungs, then after turns into the oxygenated blood which then travels to the left atrium. In the systemic circuit, oxygenated blood leaves the body; the left ventricle to the aorta which then goes into the arteries where it holds the body’s tissues with oxygen. Deoxygenated blood comes back reentering the heart’s right atrium. Complicated. But every step is imperative to the well functioning of a human heart.Now, when the heart is affected by a disease, more often than not the outcome is very fatal. Heart diseases that are common may include coronary heart disease which is the damage in one’s major blood vessels, high blood pressure which is when the force of the blood against the artery walls is too high, and even a stroke where damage to the brain occurs when there is an interruption of blood supply from the heart. What happens to the heart during high blood pressure is basically the higher pressure puts an extra strain on the heart and blood vessels which then inevitably as time occurs increases the chances of a heart attack or stroke. Not only this but high blood pressure can increase the chances of one having a kidney disease. And for some reason, scientists linked that this may have some effect on dementia. As many would know, the heart is a vital organ that without can severely limit your survival chances. There have been reports of a man serving for 6 months without a heart as doctors replaced it with a mechanical pump but this is a very rare case. The brain and the heart go hand in hand as they work to ensure your body functions correctly. Without the pumping of the blood that intakes oxygen which would then be carried to the brain, the brain only has about 4 minutes to live before brain cells start to die. As long as the blood is not circulating around the body, oxygen is not flowing. Making chances at survival close to impossible. But high blood pressure is not necessarily a disease as it is considered a symptom of numerous heart diseases. However, congenital heart disease would work perfectly under this subject as the disease is basically a malfunction or even a deformation of the heart that is typically developed before birth. This birth abnormality defect can involve the valves, the arteries, and veins near the heart and the walls of the heart. This throws the normal flow of blood throughout the body and the heart into total disarray. This results in the blood flow slowing down and going in the wrong direction or even be stopped from flowing completely. The signs and symptoms of the severe birth defect are rapid breathing, poor blood circulation, fatigue and even a tint to the skin, lips, and fingernails.  Congenital heart disease affects the individual physically by causing breathing problems, feeding problems and/ poor weight gain. And while this disease may seem fatal and it is, it can be treated by a doctor and countless and countless amounts of surgeries if needed. The cause of this disease is not entirely known by doctors but they suggest that it is hereditary rather than something that is developed over time. Sometimes it is recorded that a viral infection in the mother during the pregnancy is what causes the condition. And in a way, congenital heart defects are the direct product of drug and alcohol abuse during a pregnancy. The kind of treatments that are available for congenital heart disease is basically medications to lower blood pressure and control the heart rate. However, there are more in-depth treatments including heart devices, catheter procedures, and even surgery.  And for serious cases, a heart transplant may be needed because the heart that is already in place doesn’t have a chance to survive and function to make the bodywork for days, month and even years to come. To explain more the use of the catheter procedures is basically a procedure that enables the repairment to be completed without having to open the patient and examine the inside particularly the heart. In a catheterization procedure, the doctors insert a tube into a vein particularly a leg vein and then moves it to the heart. Once this is done correctly, there are tools that are used to sew through the catheter aligned to the heart to ultimately repair the damage. Another treatment is the heart transplant. This treatment is basically a last resort when nothing else works or when the damage is too much for any other treatment. One shouldn’t look forward to a transplant as many things could go wrong with a transplant especially if it’s a vital part of your body.Ultimately with the congenital heart disease being a misfortune, the disease itself is not as lethal as it proclaims to be. While the disease can alter the life of an individual, there are treatments to ensure that this disease doesn’t get out of hand. During the phases of the congenital disease, the heart doesn’t have many options as the malfunction in the heart doesn’t allow it to function correctly. But as stated before, with the proper procedures and medications, the disease should be able to be contained.

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