The United Nations is a significant world body
with an extensive amount of autonomous states as its members.  It was founded
in 1945, near the end of World War two, and became a more successful
replacement for the inefficacious League of Nations. It has changed the world
for the better by introducing human rights, fighting for peace and creating
better living standards for thousands of people around the world. (UN Careers).
 Canada, one
of the founding members, has played a
huge role in the UN whether it was
through supplying them with war equipment and soldiers,
or having its own people lead certain UN programs.  

One of the UN’s
most successful cause was human rights. The years 1939 to 1945 involved several
horrific events for many people, especially the Jewish and Chinese. In Germany,
several Jewish citizens were deprived of their homes and almost everything they
own, then put into concentration camps where they were killed and tortured by
Nazi soldiers led by the atrocious Adolf Hitler. However worse came to worse in
the Republic of China with the Rape of Nanking. Women were used as “comfort
women” and numerous people including babies were killed for no reason. This lead to over three hundred thousand deaths (The
rape of Nanking).  These events have
inspired the United Nations to introduce human rights. Before the war, human rights were a domestic issue. Each
country was accountable for its own standards, and one country would not
interfere with the human rights matters of another. In 1946 a Canadian lawyer,
along with the help of others, wrote the first
draft of a Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The declaration stated: “1)
Human rights for all are the basis for freedom, justice, and peace. 2) A world
where humans enjoy freedom of speech and
belief, and freedom from fear, is the greatest goal. 3)Human Rights have to be
protected by law. (Spotlight Canada) Today that list has grown to contain more laws. Thanks to the Declaration
of Human Rights, we would not experience something like the Holocaust or
Nanking Massacre here in Canada today.  

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UN also wanted to keep peace between countries
by preventing any potential wars.  At the
time of the 1950 Korean War, a powerful
North Korea invaded South Korea. The UN wanted to keep the peace between both Koreas so they sent military
forces to stop North Korea. In spite of all their efforts to join them both,
they ended up still being separated. Later on, in 1956 a situation known as the
Suez Crisis had arisen. Egypt had decided
to take over the Suez Canal from the British and French control. The nations
responded by attacking Egypt. This dispute was going to lead to something
dangerous, so Lester. B a Canadian
secretary of state for External affairs convinced the UN to set up a United Nations Emergency Force. It was
to keep the peace between the rival
armies until an agreement could be worked out, which was a huge change from
their actions in the Korean War. The UNEF turned out to be a success in bringing peace to the region (Spotlight
Canada). Something else the UN has done to prevent war was making nuclear disarmament
one of their leading goals. When the United States dropped two atomic bombs in
the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, over two hundred and thirteen thousand
people were killed. Even though the dropping of the bombs had ended the war, it
had left a lot of damage. To this day babies are born with deformities as an
aftermath of the explosion. The UN then affirmed that their ultimate objective
is complete disarmament under effective international control.

plays a major role in the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. Their
goal is to defeat hunger in both developed and developing countries. It began
in 1943 when disagreements began over the economics of providing food needs
around the world. Today they continue to battle hunger and help developing
countries better their agriculture, forestry and fishery practices. The UN also
helped war refugees fleeing violence in their home countries. They began the
International Refugee Organization. Refugees were put into refugee camps where
they were provided a few necessities, they needed to survive. Canada accepted
more than one hundred eighty-six thousand war refugees which had changed
Canadian immigration.   

world was certainly very different before the United Nations came along.
They’ve given us rights, tried to keep the peace
between countries, and created a better life for thousands of people. They have
certainly improved substantially, considering the fact that there a lot of new
organizations and projects that they have recently undergone. There are also
countries that have joined since the UN was first founded in 1945, especially
during the sixties, seventies and eighties. In conclusion,
the United Nations has come a long way. They are a praiseworthy organization that
has brought unity to the world.  

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