Look at the significance of chapter five to the novel as a whole. Focus on the relevance and effect of writer’s use of language to describe setting, character and what it shows about social and historical influences. Looking at face value, Frankenstein is about a man called Victor Frankenstein, who creates a monster out of previously dead humans. But looking deeper, it is so much more then that. It’s very ahead of its time, looking at morals that didn’t appear until much later; for example issues about appearance.
Frankenstein has an ongoing battle with his appearance, people think he is ghastly and menacing just by looking at him, but he is actually gentle and non-threatening. The media is mainly responsible for today’s issues about appearance, telling youths how they should look and what is acceptable; the slightest curve on young women is undesirable because they can be deemed “fat”, Frankenstein is unacceptable in the eyes of society. This novel also makes us question the difference between God and man. The fact that Victor Frankenstein can create a life is shocking.
People were deeply religious; and also the suggestion that man can posses the same powers as God was improper and scandalous to the church. Also Victor Frankenstein stole dead bodies from a graveyard, the church thought this was disrespectful. The novel could have been written for many reasons; it might have been a warning. A warning to say: do not mess with the powers of nature. Or maybe it was to warning to caution the dangers of obsession. Frankenstein was exceedingly lonely, all he wanted was a friend, and even taught himself to read and write so he could communicate with people and be accepted.
This novel could warn about loneliness and isolation, and also prejudice and discrimination. Mary shelly may have written this novel based on something that affected her in her life, for example: Mary Shelly’s mother died- maybe she thinks, or wants, there to be a way to bring the dead back to life, and Frankenstein’s loneliness could reflect Mary Shelly’s loneliness after losing her own mother. Mary Shelly’s mother was also a feminist; a certain amount of femininity is taken away in this novel. In the 19th century women’s main role in society was to have babies, look after them, and make sure dinner is on the table.
Without women, we cannot have children, and the whole worlds population would crash. The fact Victor Frankenstein can create life means there is no need for women, it takes away women’s roles completely. Mary shelly didn’t put her name on the book for 13 years after it was published, this is because women were thought of less highly and she thought no one would read it. More evidence to say men were thought of more highly then women is the fact that all the narrators in the book are men, and all the women die.
The most crucial occurrence that happened in chapter five is the ‘birth’ of the monster. Victor Frankenstein says “the sole purpose of infusing life into an inanimate body” this was his whole purpose and he had been doing it for two years. He says himself this is his main purpose, and the novel is about him and the monster, this is why I think this is the most crucial point in chapter five, and maybe even the whole novel, as it has such an impact on the rest of the story. He becomes ill shortly after creating the monster.