Poe has a different method of writing horror that is somewhat different to Stokers, bringing the physiological element to the story. He does this by what goes on in the characters head rather than the surroundings. Poe relies greatly on characterisation and in the Black Cat it is expressed through the mind of the alcoholic. Poe uses characterisation cleverly in the Black Cat and due to his alcoholism progresses the physiological side of the story. The narrator uses his money for drink and this turns him into a murderer. “Grasped the poor beast by the throat, and deliberately cut one of its eyeballs from his socket”.
A reasonable explanation for this would be his mind was poisoned by alcohol, but there could be supernatural elements involved. Poe also uses setting in his stories just like stoker to make his story horrifying. He uses contrast from the narrator’s haunts which are places of inequality compared to his lovely house where murders should not occur. The Sea Raiders by H. G. Wells This story opens up to a new genre of people-sci-fi. Wells makes the reader believe that what is happening in the story is real life. He uses real places that you wouldn’t think weird things would happen.
Sidmouth a quiet little costal town to think something could happen there is terrifying. Wells also gives Mr. Fison a believable background saying he is a retired tea dealer and the account is in a third person account which takes out the personal side of it and makes it more realistic. The monsters are also given Latin names like “Hapolteuthus Terox” which in real life are given to living creatures. The setting is an important factor in how H. G. Wells makes his story horrifying the sea resembles space a place that we don’t know much about and where strange creatures could appear from.
The contrast in this story is the beautiful countryside and the depths of the sea. The Speckled Band By Sir Arthur Conan Doyle This story is very different to the three other stories we have read; it’s a detective fiction. This sort of story is one of the most believable stories as there is nothing out of the ordinary that happens but it brings its horror through suspense. At first you would think there was a supernatural element to the story as there is no explanation to this locked door murder mystery. But as soon as Sherlock Holmes meets Dr.
Roylott the reader knows he’s the murderer so know all people want to is how it was done. This adds to the suspense. The story is told by a Doctor, which makes it sound real. This is because a doctor is one of the most honest professions and so more believable. We also are given the information that there are gypsies living near them and they were said to be in league with the devil, which would horrify readers. Overall we see horror develop through the years and we see writers horrify us in different ways.
It starts off with supernatural horror and later on the physiological element is added. Then we see the sci-fi element added. Lastly we see that detective fiction is used to horrify readers. These are all effective ways of horrifying readers but I think the psychological element is most effective as we get to see in the mind of the killer and why he’s murdering people Show preview only The above preview is unformatted text This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Bram Stoker section.