2. Section 6 of the principal Act which deals with devolution the interest of the female coparcener and rule of survivorship, is re-casted and modified. From the commencement of the Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act 2005, with reference to joint family governed by Mitakshara Law, the daughter becomes coparcener by birth and has all rights in the same manner as the son. She has the same rights and liabilities in the said coparcener’s property as that of a son.
Now, any reference to Hindu Mitakshara coparcener will be deemed to include references to a daughter of a coparcener. However, this section will not affect any disposition or alienation including any partition or testamentary disposition of property that took place before 20th December, 2004.
The incidence of coparcenary ownership shall automatically follow. It was also provided that after the commencement of amendment Act, if a Hindu dies having interest in the joint family property governed by Mitakshara Law. It shall devolve by testamentary or intestate succession under this Act and not by survivorship and coparcenary property shall be deemed to have been divided as if the partition had taken place; and the daughter is allotted, the same share as allotted to a son.
The share of pre-deceased son or a pre-deceased daughter as they would have got, had they been alive at the time of partition, shall be allotted to the surviving child or such pre-deceased son or as such of pre-deceased daughter, as case may be.
Similarly, the share of a pre-deceased child or a predeceased son or a pre-deceased daughter, as such child would have got had he or she had been alive at the time of partition, shall be allotted to the child of such pre-deceased child of the pre-deceased son or a pre-deceased daughter as the case may be.
Thus, complete justice is sought to be extended in so far as daughter is concerned as an heir.
3. The Archaic Doctrine of Pious and obligation has been abrogated under section 6 clause (4). However, this provision is not applicable if the debt is contracted before the commencement of the Act. As a general rule, this amendment was not applicable in case the partitions effected before 20th day of December, 2004.
4. Section 23 has been omitted under the Amendment Act. This section disentitled a female heir to seek partition of a dwelling house until the male heirs choose to divide.
5. Section 24 has been omitted under the Amendment Act. The preexisting section provided that any heir who is related to an intestate as the widow of pre-deceased son or the widow of a brother shall not be entitled to succeed to the property of intestate as such widow, if on the date the succession opens she has remarried.
It is submitted that the above amendment has come so late in the day, Mitakshara Law in the context of globalisation is slowly losing its relevance and it is an anachronism. It may also be noted that when there is unrestricted right of succession women discrimination continues.