When the span of management widens, a manager cannot effectively carry out his management functions without delegating some authority to subordinates. The most serious symptom of poor organisation is unclear authority delegation.
1. Delegation According to Ability:
Authority delegated to an individual should be as per his or her ability to accomplish results.
2. Absoluteness of Responsibility:
The superior delegate’s authority, not the responsibility. Final responsibility for the decision still rests with the superior.
3. Parity of Authority and Responsibility:
Delegated authority should be commensurate with results expected.
4. Definition of Results Expected:
The more a position has a clear definition of results expected, activity to be undertaken and clarity of organisational relationships, the more effective is the delegation.
5. Unity of Command:
Delegate should be responsible to one boss multiple subordination must be avoided.
6. Authority Levels:
Decisions within the authority competence of an individual should be made by him and not referred upward. The delegator should not permit decisions to be referred back upward to him.